002.001 Alif. Lam. Mim.
002.002 This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who
ward off (evil).
002.003 Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We
have bestowed upon them;
002.004 And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that
which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter.
002.005 These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful.
002.006 As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is
all one for them; they believe not.
002.007 Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on their eyes there is a
covering. Theirs will be an awful doom.
002.008 And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and the Last Day,
when they believe not.
002.009 They think to beguile Allah and those who believe, and they beguile none
save themselves; but they perceive not.
002.010 In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their disease. A painful
doom is theirs because they lie.
002.011 And when it is said unto them: Make not mischief in the earth, they say: We
are peacemakers only.
002.012 Are not they indeed the mischief-makers ? But they perceive not.
002.013 And when it is said unto them: believe as the people believe, they say: shall
we believe as the foolish believe ? are not they indeed the foolish ? But they know
002.014 And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; but
when they go apart to their devils they declare: Lo! we are with you; verily we did but
002.015 Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their
002.016 These are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, so their
commerce doth not prosper, neither are they guided.
002.017 Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it
sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in
darkness, where they cannot see,
002.018 Deaf, dumb and blind; and they return not.
002.019 Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash
of lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for
fear of death, Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance, His omniscience
and His omnipotence).
002.020 The lightning almost snatcheth away their sight from them. As often as it
flasheth forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkeneth against them they
stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is
able to do all things.
002.021 O mankind! worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you,
so that ye may ward off (evil).
002.022 Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy;
and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for
you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).
002.023 And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave
(Muhammad), then produce a surah of the like thereof, and call your witness beside
Allah if ye are truthful.
002.024 And if ye do it not - and ye can never do it - then guard yourselves against
the Fire prepared for disbelievers, whose fuel is of men and stones.
002.025 And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good
works; that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow; as often as they are
regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: this is what was given us aforetime;
and it is given to them in resemblance. There for them are pure companions; there for
ever they abide.
002.026 Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a gnat. Those who
believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; but those who disbelieve say: What
doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude ? He misleadeth many thereby, and He
guideth many thereby; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants;
002.027 Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that
which Allah ordered to be joined, and (who) make mischief in the earth: Those are
they who are the losers.
002.028 How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you!
Then He will give you death, then life again, and then unto Him ye will return.
002.029 He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the
heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is knower of all things.
002.030 And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in
the earth, they said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will
shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee ? He said: Surely I
know that which ye know not.
002.031 And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying:
Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.
002.032 They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast
taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.
002.033 He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed
them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens
and the earth ? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide.
002.034 And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they
fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.
002.035 And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye
freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become
002.036 But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the
(happy) state in which they were; and We said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the
other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a time.
002.037 Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented
toward him. Lo! He is the relenting, the Merciful.
002.038 We said: Go down, all of you, from hence; but verily there cometh unto you
from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My guidance, there shall no fear come
upon them neither shall they grieve.
002.039 But they who disbelieve, and deny Our revelations, such are rightful Peoples
of the Fire. They will abide therein.
002.040 O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you, and
fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me.
002.041 And believe in that which I reveal, confirming that which ye possess already
(of the Scripture), and be not first to disbelieve therein, and part not with My
revelations for a trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me.
002.042 Confound not truth with falsehood, nor knowingly conceal the truth.
002.043 Establish worship, pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who
bow (in worship).
002.044 Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to
practise it) ? And ye are readers of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense ?
002.045 Seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard save for the humble-
002.046 Who know that they will have to meet their Lord, and that unto Him they are
002.047 O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and
how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
002.048 And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will in aught avail another,
nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be received from it,
nor will they be helped.
002.049 And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh's folk, who were
afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying your sons and sparing your women: that
was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
002.050 And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you, and drowned
the folk of Pharaoh in your sight.
002.051 And when We did appoint for Moses forty nights (of solitude), and then ye
chose the calf, when he had gone from you, and were wrong-doers.
002.052 Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks.
002.053 And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the criterion (of right and
wrong), that ye might be led aright.
002.054 And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have wronged
yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for worship) so turn in penitence to your
Creator, and kill (the guilty) yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator
and He will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
002.055 And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee till we see Allah
plainly; and even while ye gazed the lightning seized you.
002.056 Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks.
002.057 And We caused the white cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you
the manna and the quails, (saying): Eat of the good things wherewith We have
provided you - they wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves.
002.058 And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of that which is
therein, and enter the gate prostrate, and say: "Repentance." We will forgive you your
sins and will increase (reward) for the right-doers.
002.059 But those who did wrong changed the word which had been told them for
another saying, and We sent down upon the evil-doers wrath from heaven for their
002.060 And when Moses asked for water for his people, We said: Smite with thy
staff the rock. And there gushed out therefrom twelve springs (so that) each tribe
knew their drinking-place. Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do
not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth.
002.061 And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon
thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of that which the earth groweth - of its herbs
and its cucumbers and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye
exchange that which is higher for that which is lower ? Go down to settled country,
thus ye shall get that which ye demand. And humiliation and wretchedness were
stamped upon them and they were visited with wrath from Allah. That was because
they disbelieved in Allah's revelations and slew the prophets wrongfully. That was for
their disobedience and transgression.
002.062 Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad),
and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah
and the Last Day and doeth right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and there
shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
002.063 And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you
and caused the mount to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have
given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
002.064 Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the grace of
Allah and His mercy ye had been among the losers.
002.065 And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, how We said unto
them: Be ye apes, despised and hated!
002.066 And We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and
an admonition to the God-fearing.
002.067 And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye
sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make game of us ? He answered: Allah forbid
that I should be among the foolish!
002.068 They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she
is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith, Verily she is a cow neither with calf nor
immature; (she is) between the two conditions; so do that which ye are commanded.
002.069 They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us of what colour
she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a yellow cow. Bright is her
colour, gladdening beholders.
002.070 They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear to us what (cow) she
is. Lo! cows are much alike to us; and Lo! if Allah wills, we may be led aright.
002.071 (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow unyoked; she plougheth
not the soil nor watereth the tilth; whole and without mark. They said: Now thou
bringest the truth. So they sacrificed her, though almost they did not.
002.072 And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed concerning it and Allah
brought forth that which ye were hiding.
002.073 And We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life
and showeth you His portents so that ye may understand.
002.074 Then, even after that, your hearts were hardened and became as rocks, or
worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed there are rocks from out which rivers gush,
and indeed there are rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them. And
indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah. Allah is not unaware of
what ye do.
002.075 Have ye any hope that they will be true to you when a party of them used to
listen to the word of Allah, then used to change it, after they had understood it,
002.076 And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But
when they go apart one with another they say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah
hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it
? Have ye then no sense ?
002.077 Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they keep hidden and
that which they proclaim ?
002.078 Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from
hearsay. They but guess.
002.079 Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with their hands and
then say, "This is from Allah," that they may purchase a small gain therewith. Woe
unto them for that their hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn
002.080 And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us save for a certain
number of days. Say: Have ye received a covenant from Allah - truly Allah will not
break His covenant - or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not ?
002.081 Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth him; such are
rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide therein.
002.082 And those who believe and do good works: such are rightful owners of the
Garden. They will abide therein.
002.083 And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel,
(saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and
to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and
pay the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few of you, being averse.
002.084 And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of
your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified
(Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto).
002.085 Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from
their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression ? - and if
they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was
itself unlawful for you - Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part
thereof ? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the
world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous
doom. For Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
002.086 Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price of the Hereafter.
Their punishment will not be lightened, neither will they have support.
002.087 And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of
messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of
Allah's sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy spirit. Is it ever so, that,
when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourselves
desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay ?
002.088 And they say: Our hearts are hardened. Nay, but Allah hath cursed them for
their unbelief. Little is that which they believe.
002.089 And when there cometh unto them a scripture from Allah, confirming that in
their possession - though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those
who disbelieved - and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be the
truth) they disbelieve therein. The curse of Allah is on disbelievers.
002.090 Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that
which Allah hath revealed, grudging that Allah should reveal of His bounty unto
whom He will of His slaves. They have incurred anger upon anger. For disbelievers
is a shameful doom.
002.091 And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which Allah hath revealed,
they say: We believe in that which was revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that
which cometh after it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess. Say
(unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the prophets of Allah aforetime, if ye
are (indeed) believers ?
002.092 And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty), yet,
while he was away, ye chose the calf (for worship) and ye were wrong-doers.
002.093 And when We made with you a covenant and caused the Mount to tower
above you, (saying): Hold fast by that which We have given you, and hear (Our
Word), they said: We hear and we rebel. And (worship of) the calf was made to sink
into their hearts because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them): Evil is
that which your belief enjoineth on you, if ye are believers.
002.094 Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the providence of Allah is
indeed for you alone and not for others of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for
death (for ye must long for death) if ye are truthful.
002.095 But they will never long for it, because of that which their own hands have
sent before them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
002.096 And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the
idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to be allowed to live a thousand years. And
to live (a thousand years) would be no means remove him from the doom. Allah is
Seer of what they do.
002.097 Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is
who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah's leave, confirming that which
was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers;
002.098 Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel
and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers.
002.099 Verily We have revealed unto thee clear tokens, and only miscreants will
disbelieve in them.
002.100 Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of them set it aside ?
The truth is, most of them believe not.
002.101 And when there cometh unto them a messenger from Allah, confirming that
which they possess, a party of those who have received the Scripture fling the
Scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they knew not,
002.102 And follow that which the devils falsely related against the kingdom of
Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind
magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Nor
did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a
temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah). And from these two
(angles) people learn that by which they cause division between man and wife; but
they injure thereby no-one save by Allah's leave. And they learn that which harmeth
them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein
will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which
they sell their souls, if they but knew.
002.103 And if they had believed and kept from evil, a recompense from Allah would
be better, if they only knew.
002.104 O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): "Listen to us" but say "Look
upon us," and be ye listeners. For disbelievers is a painful doom.
002.105 Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the
idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your
Lord. But Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will, and Allah is of Infinite
002.106 Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be
forgotten, but we bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that
Allah is Able to do all things ?
002.107 Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of
the heavens and the earth; and ye have not, beside Allah, any guardian or helper ?
002.108 Or would ye question your messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime ?
He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily he hath gone astray from a plain
002.109 Many of the people of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your
belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto
them. Forgive and be indulgent (toward them) until Allah give command. Lo! Allah is
Able to do all things.
002.110 Establish worship, and pay the poor-due; and whatever of good ye send
before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
002.111 And they say: None entereth paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.
These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.
002.112 Nay, but whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his
reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they
002.113 And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say
the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak
those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection
concerning that wherein they differ.
002.114 And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the
sanctuaries of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their
ruin. As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear.
Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
002.115 Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is
Allah's Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
002.116 And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but
whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him.
002.117 The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He
saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
002.118 And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us,
or some sign come unto us ? Even thus, as they now speak, spake those (who were)
before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the revelations for people
who are sure.
002.119 Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad
tidings and a warner. And thou wilt not be asked about the owners of hell-fire.
002.120 And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou
follow their creed. Say: Lo! the guidance of Allah (Himself) is Guidance. And if thou
shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then
wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting guardian nor helper.
002.121 Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right
reading, those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the
002.122 O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and
how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
002.123 And guard (yourselves) against a day when no soul will in aught avail
another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to
it; nor will they be helped.
002.124 And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he
fulfilled them, He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham)
said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders) ? He said: My covenant includeth
002.125 And when We made the House (at Makka) a resort for mankind and
sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to
pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My
house for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow
down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
002.126 And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and
bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day, He
answered: As for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while,
then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire - a hapless journey's end!
002.127 And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House,
(Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art
the Hearer, the Knower.
002.128 Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation
submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo!
Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
002.129 Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a messenger from among them who
shall recite unto them Thy revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in
wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
002.130 And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself
? Verily We chose him in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he is among the
002.131 When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! he said: I have surrendered to the
Lord of the Worlds.
002.132 The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my
sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion; therefore die not save as men
who have surrendered (unto Him).
002.133 Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons:
What will ye worship after me ? They said: We shall worship thy God, the God of thy
fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have
002.134 Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned,
and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
002.135 And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say
(unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the
upright, and he was not of the idolaters.
002.136 Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and
that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the
tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received
from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have
002.137 And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly
guided. But if they turn away, then are they in schism, and Allah will suffice thee (for
defence) against them. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
002.138 (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring.
We are His worshippers.
002.139 Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah
when He is our Lord and your Lord ? Ours are our works and yours your works. We
look to Him alone.
002.140 Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes
were Jews or Christians ? Say: Do ye know best, or doth Allah ? And who is more
unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah ? Allah is
not unaware of what ye do.
002.141 Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned
and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
002.142 The foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah
which they formerly observed ? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He
guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
002.143 Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may be witnesses
against mankind, and that the messenger may be a witness against you. And We
appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who
followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a hard
(test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not Allah's purpose that your faith
should be in vain, for Allah is Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
002.144 We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for guidance, O
Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn (in prayer) toward a qiblah
which is dear to thee. So turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship, and ye
(O Muslims), wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it. Lo!
Those who have received the Scripture know that (this revelation) is the Truth from
their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of what they do.
002.145 And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received the Scripture all
kinds of portents, they would not follow thy qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of
their qiblah; nor are some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou
shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then
surely wert thou of the evil-doers.
002.146 Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognise (this revelation) as they
recognise their sons. But lo! a party of them knowingly conceal the truth.
002.147 It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who
002.148 And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie with one another in
good works. Wheresoever ye may be, Allah will bring you all together. Lo! Allah is
Able to do all things.
002.149 And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O Muhammad) turn thy
face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship. Lo! it is the Truth from thy Lord. Allah
is not unaware of what ye do.
002.150 Whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of
Worship; and wheresoever ye may be (O Muslims) turn your faces toward it (when ye
pray) so that men may have no argument against you, save such of them as do
injustice - Fear them not, but fear Me! - and so that I may complete My grace upon
you, and that ye may be guided.
002.151 Even as We have sent unto you a messenger from among you, who reciteth
unto you Our revelations and causeth you to grow, and teacheth you the Scripture and
wisdom, and teacheth you that which ye knew not.
002.152 Therefore remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me, and reject
002.153 O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer. Lo! Allah is with
002.154 And call not those who are slain in the way of Allah "dead." Nay, they are
living, only ye perceive not.
002.155 And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of
wealth and lives and crops; but give glad tidings to the steadfast,
002.156 Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! we are Allah's and lo! unto
Him we are returning.
002.157 Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and mercy. Such are
the rightly guided.
002.158 Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of
Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on pilgrimage to the House (of God) or
visiteth it, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his
own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.
002.159 Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We revealed, after
We had made it clear to mankind in the Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and
accursed of those who have the power to curse.
002.160 Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth). These it
is toward whom I relent. I am the Relenting, the Merciful.
002.161 Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the
curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined.
002.162 They ever dwell therein. The doom will not be lightened for them, neither
will they be reprieved.
002.163 Your God is One God; there is no God save Him, the Beneficent, the
002.164 Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of night
and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and
the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its
death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds,
and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah's Sovereignty)
for people who have sense.
002.165 Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship
which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is the due)
of Allah (only) - those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah - Oh, that
those who do evil had but known, (on the day) when they behold the doom, that
power belongeth wholly to Allah, and that Allah is severe in punishment!
002.166 (On the day) when those who were followed disown those who followed
(them), and they behold the doom, and all their aims collapse with them.
002.167 And those who were but followers will say: If a return were possible for us,
we would disown them even as they have disowned us. Thus will Allah show them
their own deeds as anguish for them, and they will not emerge from the Fire.
002.168 O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and
follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
002.169 He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell
concerning Allah that which ye know not.
002.170 And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they
say: We follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers
were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance ?
002.171 The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the messenger) is as the
likeness of one who calleth unto that which heareth naught except a shout and cry.
Deaf, dumb, blind, therefore they have no sense.
002.172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you,
and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship.
002.173 He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swineflesh, and that
which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah. But he who is
driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah
is Forgiving, Merciful.
002.174 Lo! those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed and
purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire. Allah
will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow.
Theirs will be a painful doom.
002.175 Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at
the price of pardon. How constant are they in their strife to reach the Fire!
002.176 That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. Lo! those
who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture are in open schism.
002.177 It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but
righteous is he who believeth in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the
Scripture and the prophets; and giveth wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to
orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free;
and observeth proper worship and payeth the poor-due. And those who keep their
treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of
stress. Such are they who are sincere. Such are the God-fearing.
002.178 O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the
murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for
the female. And for him who is forgiven somewhat by his (injured) brother,
prosecution according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an
alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. He who transgresseth after this will have a
002.179 And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may
ward off (evil).
002.180 It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of you, if he leave
wealth, that he bequeath unto parents and near relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty
for all those who ward off (evil).
002.181 And whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it - the sin thereof is only
upon those who change it. Lo! Allah is Hearer, Knower.
002.182 But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful clause, and maketh
peace between the parties, (it shall be) no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving,
002.183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as it was prescribed for
those before you, that ye may ward off (evil);
002.184 (Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on
a journey, (the same) number of other days; and for those who can afford it there is a
ransom: the feeding of a man in need - but whoso doeth good of his own accord, it is
better for him: and that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know -
002.185 The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for
mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).
And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is
sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for
you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete
the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that
peradventure ye may be thankful.
002.186 And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh. I
answer the prayer of the suppliant when he crieth unto Me. So let them hear My call
and let them trust in Me, in order that they may be led aright.
002.187 It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast.
They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them. Allah is Aware that ye were
deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy toward you and
relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained
for you, and eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the
black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall and touch them
not, but be at your devotions in the mosques. These are the limits imposed by Allah,
so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His revelation to mankind that they
may ward off (evil).
002.188 And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to
gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property
of others wrongfully.
002.189 They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moons, say: They are fixed seasons
for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the
backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who
wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to
Allah, that ye may be successful.
002.190 Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not
hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.
002.191 And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places
whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not
with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if
they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.
002.192 But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
002.193 And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if
they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers.
002.194 The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in
retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you.
Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil).
002.195 Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah, and be not cast by your own hands
to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent.
002.196 Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah. And if ye are
prevented, then send such gifts as can be obtained with ease, and shave not your
heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick
or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering.
And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with the visit for the
pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find
(such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when ye
have returned; that is, ten in all. That is for him whoso folk are not present at the
Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is
severe in punishment.
002.197 The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to
perform the pilgrimage therein (let him remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness
nor abuse nor angry conversation on the pilgrimage. And whatsoever good ye do
Allah knoweth it. So make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best
provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty unto Me, O men of
002.198 It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your Lord (by trading). But,
when ye press on in the multitude from 'Arafat, remember Allah by the sacred
monument. Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those
002.199 Then hasten onward from the place whence the multitude hasteneth onward,
and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
002.200 And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember Allah as ye
remember your fathers or with a more lively remembrance. But of mankind is he who
saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world," and he hath no portion in the Hereafter.
002.201 And of them (also) is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto us in the world that
which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and guard us from the doom of
002.202 For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that which they have
earned. Allah is swift at reckoning.
002.203 Remember Allah through the appointed days. Then whoso hasteneth (his
departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him;
that is for him who wardeth off (evil). Be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that
unto Him ye will be gathered.
002.204 And of mankind there is he whoso conversation on the life of this world
pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth Allah to witness as to that which is in his
heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.
002.205 And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the land is to make
mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle; and Allah loveth not mischief.
002.206 And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to Allah, pride taketh
him to sin. Hell will settle his account, an evil resting-place.
002.207 And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah;
and Allah hath compassion on (His) bondmen.
002.208 O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into submission (unto Him); and follow
not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is an open enemy for you.
002.209 And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come unto you, then know
that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
002.210 Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come unto them in the
shadows of the clouds with the angels ? Then the case would be already judged. All
cases go back to Allah (for judgment).
002.211 Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear revelation We gave them! He
who altereth the grace of Allah after it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is
severe in punishment.
002.212 Beautified is the life of the world for those who disbelieve; they make a jest
of the believers. But those who keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the
Day of Resurrection. Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.
002.213 Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them) prophets as
bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed therewith the Scripture with the
truth that it might judge between mankind concerning that wherein they differed. And
only those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear
proofs had come unto them, through hatred one of another. And Allah by His Will
guided those who believe unto the truth of that concerning which they differed. Allah
guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
002.214 Or think ye that ye will enter paradise while yet there hath not come unto you
the like of (that which came to) those who passed away before you ? Affliction and
adversity befell them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger (of
Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When cometh Allah's help ? Now
surely Allah's help is nigh.
002.215 They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they shall spend. Say: that which ye
spend for good (must go) to parents and near kindred and orphans and the needy and
the wayfarer. And whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is Aware of it.
002.216 Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen
that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing
which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
002.217 They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred
month. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way
of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to
expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse than killing.
And they will not cease from fighting against you till they have made you renegades
from your religion, if they can. And whoso becometh a renegade and dieth in his
disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in the world and the Hereafter.
Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will abide therein.
002.218 Lo! those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution)
and strive in the way of Allah, these have hope of Allah's mercy. Allah is Forgiving,
002.219 They question thee about strong drink and games of chance. Say: In both is
great sin, and (some) utility for men; but the sin of them is greater than their
usefulness. And they ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is
superfluous. Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye may
002.220 Upon the world and the Hereafter. And they question thee concerning
orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best. And if ye mingle your affairs with theirs,
then (they are) your brothers. Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who
improveth. Had Allah willed He could have overburdened you. Allah is Mighty,
002.221 Wed not idolatresses till they believe; for lo! a believing bondwoman is
better than an idolatress though she please you; and give not your daughters in
marriage to idolaters till they believe, for lo! a believing slave is better than an
idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and Allah inviteth unto the
Garden, and unto forgiveness by His grace, and expoundeth His revelations to
mankind that haply they may remember.
002.222 They question thee (O Muhammad) concerning menstruation. Say: It is an
illness, so let women alone at such times and go not in unto them till they are
cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah
hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth
those who have a care for cleanness.
002.223 Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will,
and send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye
will (one day) meet Him. Give glad tidings to believers, (O Muhammad).
002.224 And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and
observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. Allah is Hearer,
002.225 Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths.
But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. Allah is
002.226 Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change
their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
002.227 And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer,
002.228 Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three
(monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which
Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And
their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a
reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in
kindness, and men are a degree above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
002.229 Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in
honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from women
aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they
may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah. And if ye fear that they
may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin for either of them
if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah. Transgress
them not. For whoso transgresseth Allah's limits: such are wrong-doers.
002.230 And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him
thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband)
divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider
that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. These are the limits of Allah. He
manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.
002.231 When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain
them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not to their hurt so that ye
transgress (the limits). He who doeth that hath wronged his soul. Make not the
revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour), but remember Allah's
grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of
wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that
Allah is Aware of all things.
002.232 And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not
difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in
kindness. This is an admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the
Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. Allah knoweth; ye know not.
002.233 Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that is) for those
who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers
in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No-one should be charged beyond
his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should
he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child. And on the
(father's) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If
they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin
for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provide
that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. Observe your duty to Allah, and know
that Allah is Seer of what ye do.
002.234 Such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait,
keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. And when they reach the term
(prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with
themselves in decency. Allah is informed of what ye do.
002.235 There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds
concerning your troth with women. Allah knoweth that ye will remember them. But
plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognised form of words. And
do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. Know that Allah
knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him; and know that Allah is Forgiving,
002.236 It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them,
nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means,
and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty
for those who do good.
002.237 If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto
them a portion, then (pay the) half of that which ye appointed, unless they (the
women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie.
To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Allah is Seer
of what ye do.
002.238 Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with
devotion to Allah.
002.239 And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are
again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye
002.240 (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them
wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning
them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which
they do of themselves within their rights. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
002.241 For divorced women a provision in kindness: a duty for those who ward off
002.242 Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations so that ye may understand.
002.243 Bethink thee (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went forth from their
habitations in their thousands, fearing death, and Allah said unto them: Die; and then
He brought them back to life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of Kindness to mankind, but most
of mankind give not thanks.
002.244 Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.
002.245 Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, so that He may give it
increase manifold ? Allah straiteneth and enlargeth. Unto Him ye will return.
002.246 Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel after Moses, how they
said unto a prophet whom they had: Set up for us a king and we will fight in Allah's
way. He said: Would ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed for you
? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah's way when we have been driven from
our dwellings with our children ? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, they
turned away, all save a few of them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
002.247 Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up Saul to be a king for
you. They said: How can he have kingdom over us when we are more deserving of
the kingdom than he is, since he hath not been given wealth enough ? He said: Lo!
Allah hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in wisdom and
stature. Allah bestoweth His Sovereignty on whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing,
002.248 And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! the token of his kingdom is that there
shall come unto you the ark wherein is peace of reassurance from your Lord, and a
remnant of that which the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, the
angels bearing it. Lo! herein shall be a token for you if (in truth) ye are believers.
002.249 And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah will try you by (the
ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore drinketh thereof he is not of me, and
whosoever tasteth it not he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of
his hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them. And after he had crossed (the
river), he and those who believed with him, they said: We have no power this day
against Goliath and his hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah
exclaimed: How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah's
leave! Allah is with the steadfast.
002.250 And when they went into the field against Goliath and his hosts they said:
Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our foothold sure, and give us help against
the disbelieving folk.
002.251 So they routed them by Allah's leave and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave
him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of that which He willeth. And if Allah
had not repelled some men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah
is a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.
002.252 These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with
truth, and lo! thou art of the number of (Our) messengers;
002.253 Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of
whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He exalted (above
others) in degree; and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's
Sovereignty) and We supported him with the holy Spirit. And if Allah had so wiled it,
those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear
proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some
disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with
another; but Allah doeth what He will.
002.254 O ye who believe! spend of that wherewith We have provided you ere a day
come when there will be no trafficking, nor friendship, nor intercession. The
disbelievers, they are the wrong-doers.
002.255 Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor
sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and
whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ?
He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they
encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the
heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime,
002.256 There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct
from error. And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a
firm handhold which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
002.257 Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He bringeth them out
of darkness into light. As for those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities.
They bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They
will abide therein.
002.258 Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham about his Lord,
because Allah had given him the kingdom; how, when Abraham said: My Lord is He
Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham
said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from
the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
002.259 Or (bethink thee of) the like of him who, passing by a township which had
fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall Allah give this township life after its
death ? And Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He
said: How long hast thou tarried ? (The man) said: I have tarried a day or part of a
day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at thy food
and drink which have not rotted! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a
token unto mankind, look at the bones, how We adjust them and then cover them with
flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know now that Allah
is Able to do all things.
002.260 And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou
givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe ? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask)
in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and
cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them,
they will come to thee in haste, and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
002.261 The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah's way is as the likeness
of a grain which groweth seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allah giveth
increase manifold to whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
002.262 Those who spend their wealth for the cause of Allah and afterward make not
reproach and injury to follow that which they have spent; their reward is with their
Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve.
002.263 A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving followed by injury.
Allah is Absolute, Clement.
002.264 O ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by reproach and injury,
like him who spendeth his wealth only to be seen of men and believeth not in Allah
and the Last Day. His likeness is as the likeness of a rock whereon is dust of earth; a
rainstorm smiteth it, leaving it smooth and bare. They have no control of aught of that
which they have gained. Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
002.265 And the likeness of those who spend their wealth in search of Allah's
pleasure, and for the strengthening of their souls, is as the likeness of a garden on a
height. The rainstorm smiteth it and it bringeth forth its fruit twofold. And if the
rainstorm smite it not, then the shower. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
002.266 Would any of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and vines, with rivers
flowing underneath it, with all kinds of fruit for him therein; and old age hath stricken
him and he hath feeble offspring; and a fiery whirlwind striketh it and it is (all)
consumed by fire. Thus Allah maketh plain His revelations unto you, in order that ye
may give thought.
002.267 O ye who believe! Spend of the good things which ye have earned, and of
that which We bring forth from the earth for you, and seek not the bad (with intent) to
spend thereof (in charity) when ye would not take it for yourselves save with disdain;
and know that Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
002.268 The devil promiseth you destitution and enjoineth on you lewdness. But
Allah promiseth you forgiveness from Himself with bounty. Allah is All-Embracing,
002.269 He giveth wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom wisdom is given,
he truly hath received abundant good. But none remember except men of
002.270 Whatever alms ye spend or vow ye vow, lo! Allah knoweth it. Wrong-doers
have no helpers.
002.271 If ye publish your almsgiving, it is well, but if ye hide it and give it to the
poor, it will be better for you, and will atone for some of your ill-deeds. Allah is
Informed of what ye do.
002.272 The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but Allah guideth
whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, it is for yourselves, when ye
spend not save in search of Allah's Countenance; and whatsoever good thing ye
spend, it will be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.
002.273 (Alms are) for the poor who are straitened for the cause of Allah, who cannot
travel in the land (for trade). The unthinking man accounteth them wealthy because of
their restraint. Thou shalt know them by their mark: They do not beg of men with
importunity. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, lo! Allah knoweth it.
002.274 Those who spend their wealth by night and day, by stealth and openly, verily
their reward is with their Lord, and their shall no fear come upon them neither shall
002.275 Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he ariseth whom the devil
hath prostrated by (his) touch. That is because they say: Trade is just like usury;
whereas Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an admonition
from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep (the
profits of) that which is past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah. As for him who
returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein.
002.276 Allah hath blighted usury and made almsgiving fruitful. Allah loveth not the
impious and guilty.
002.277 Lo! those who believe and do good works and establish worship and pay the
poor-due, their reward is with their Lord and there shall no fear come upon them
neither shall they grieve.
002.278 O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give up what remaineth
(due to you) from usury, if ye are (in truth) believers.
002.279 And if ye do not, then be warned of war (against you) from Allah and His
messenger. And if ye repent, then ye have your principal (without interest). Wrong
not, and ye shall not be wronged.
002.280 And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then (let there be)
postponement to (the time of) ease; and that ye remit the debt as almsgiving would be
better for you if ye did but know.
002.281 And guard yourselves against a day in which ye will be brought back to
Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that which it hath earned, and they will not
002.282 O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record
it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of)
equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him
write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty
to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is
of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the
guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness,
from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man
and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth
(through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not
refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract)
whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more
equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of
avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise
which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin
for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and
let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a
sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is
knower of all things.
002.283 If ye be on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a pledge in hand (shall
suffice). And if one of you entrusteth to another let him who is trusted deliver up that
which is entrusted to him (according to the pact between them) and let him observe
his duty to Allah his Lord. Hide not testimony. He who hideth it, verily his heart is
sinful. Allah is Aware of what ye do.
002.284 Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the
earth; and whether ye make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring
you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish whom He
will. Allah is Able to do all things.
002.285 The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his
Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth in Allah and His angels and His
scriptures and His messengers - We make no distinction between any of His
messengers - and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our
Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying.
002.286 Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is only) that which it hath
earned, and against it (only) that which it hath deserved. Our Lord! Condemn us not if
we forget, or miss the mark! Our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as thou didst lay
on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength
to bear! Pardon us, absolve us and have mercy on us, Thou, our Protector, and give us
victory over the disbelieving folk.