004.001 O mankind! Be careful of your duty to your Lord Who created you from a
single soul and from it created its mate and from them twain hath spread abroad a
multitude of men and women. Be careful of your duty toward Allah in Whom ye
claim (your rights) of one another, and toward the wombs (that bare you). Lo! Allah
hath been a watcher over you.
004.002 Give unto orphans their wealth. Exchange not the good for the bad (in your
management thereof) nor absorb their wealth into your own wealth. Lo! that would be
a great sin.
004.003 And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the
women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if ye fear that ye cannot do
justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess.
Thus it is more likely that ye will not do injustice.
004.004 And give unto the women (whom ye marry) free gift of their marriage
portions; but if they of their own accord remit unto you a part thereof, then ye are
welcome to absorb it (in your wealth).
004.005 Give not unto the foolish (what is in) your (keeping of their) wealth, which
Allah hath given you to maintain; but feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly
004.006 Prove orphans till they reach the marriageable age; then, if ye find them of
sound judgment, deliver over unto them their fortune; and devour it not by
squandering and in haste lest they should grow up Whoso (of the guardians) is rich,
let him abstain generously (from taking of the property of orphans); and whoso is
poor let him take thereof in reason (for his guardianship). And when ye deliver up
their fortune unto orphans, have (the transaction) witnessed in their presence. Allah
sufficeth as a Reckoner.
004.007 Unto the men (of a family) belongeth a share of that which parents and near
kindred leave, and unto the women a share of that which parents and near kindred
leave, whether it be little or much - a legal share.
004.008 And when kinsfolk and orphans and the needy are present at the division (of
the heritage), bestow on them therefrom and speak kindly unto them.
004.009 And let those fear (in their behaviour toward orphans) who if they left behind
them weak offspring would be afraid for them. So let them mind their duty to Allah,
and speak justly.
004.010 Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but
swallow fire into their bellies, and they will be exposed to burning flame.
004.011 Allah chargeth you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male
the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be women more than two,
then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then the half.
And to each of his parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he have a son; and if he have
no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; and if
he have brethren, then to his mother appertaineth the sixth, after any legacy he may
have bequeathed, or debt (hath been paid). Your parents and your children: Ye know
not which of them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo!
Allah is Knower, Wise.
004.012 And unto you belongeth a half of that which your wives leave, if they have
no child; but if they have a child then unto you the fourth of that which they leave,
afte r any legacy they may have bequeathed, or debt (they ma y have contracted, hath
been paid). And unto them belon geth the fourth of that which ye leave if ye have no
ch ild, but if ye have a child then the eighth of that whi ch ye leave, after any legacy
ye may have bequeathed, o r debt (ye may have contracted, hath been paid). And if a
man or a woman have a distant heir (having left neit her parent nor child), and he (or
she) have a brother o r a sister (only on the mother's side) then to each of them twain
(the brother and the sister) the sixth, and if they be more than two, then they shall be
sharers in the third, after any legacy that may have been bequeat hed or debt
(contracted) not injuring (the heirs by wil ling away more than a third of the heritage)
004.013 These are the limits (imposed by) Allah. Whoso obeyeth Allah and His
messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where
such will dwell for ever. That will be the great success.
004.014 And whoso disobeyeth Allah and His messenger and transgresseth His limits,
He will make him enter Fire, where he will dwell for ever; his will be a shameful
004.015 As for those of your women who are guilty of lewdness, call to witness four
of you against them. And if they testify (to the truth of the allegation) then confine
them to the houses until death take them or (until) Allah appoint for them a way
(through new legislation).
004.016 And as for the two of you who are guilty thereof, punish them both. And if
they repent and improve, then let them be. Lo! Allah is ever relenting, Merciful.
004.017 Forgiveness is only incumbent on Allah toward those who do evil in
ignorance (and) then turn quickly (in repentance) to Allah. These are they toward
whom Allah relenteth. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
004.018 The forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth
upon one of them, he saith: Lo! I repent now; nor yet for those who die while they are
disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful doom.
004.019 O ye who believe! It is not lawful for you forcibly to inherit the women (of
your deceased kinsmen), nor (that) ye should put constraint upon them that ye may
take away a part of that which ye have given them, unless they be guilty of flagrant
lewdness. But consort with them in kindness, for if ye hate them it may happen that
ye hate a thing wherein Allah hath placed much good.
004.020 And if ye wish to exchange one wife for another and ye have given unto one
of them a sum of money (however great), take nothing from it. Would ye take it by
the way of calumny and open wrong ?
004.021 How can ye take it (back) after one of you hath gone in unto the other, and
they have taken a strong pledge from you ?
004.022 And marry not those women whom your fathers married, except what hath
already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! it was ever lewdness and
abomination, and an evil way.
004.023 Forbidden unto you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters,
and your father's sisters, and your mother's sisters, and your brother's daughters and
your sister's daughters, and your foster-mothers, and your foster-sisters, and your
mothers-in-law, and your step-daughters who are under your protection (born) of your
women unto whom ye have gone in - but if ye have not gone in unto them, then it is
no sin for you (to marry their daughters) - and the wives of your sons who (spring)
from your own loins. And (it is forbidden unto you) that ye should have two sisters
together, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! Allah is
ever Forgiving, Merciful.
004.024 And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom
your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all
beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock,
not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto
them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual
agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
004.025 And whoso is not able to afford to marry free, believing women, let them
marry from the believing maids whom your right hands possess. Allah knoweth best
(concerning) your faith. Ye (proceed) one from another; so wed them by permission
of their folk, and give unto them their portions in kindness, they being honest, not
debauched nor of loose conduct. And if when they are honourably married they
commit lewdness they shall incur the half of the punishment (prescribed) for free
women (in that case). This is for him among you who feareth to commit sin. But to
have patience would be better for you. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
004.026 Allah would explain to you and guide you by the examples of those who
were before you, and would turn to you in mercy. Allah is Knower, Wise.
004.027 And Allah would turn to you in mercy; but those who follow vain desires
would have you go tremendously astray.
004.028 Allah would make the burden light for you, for man was created weak.
004.029 O ye who believe! Squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity,
except it be a trade by mutual consent, and kill not one another. Lo! Allah is ever
Merciful unto you.
004.030 Whoso doeth that through aggression and injustice, we shall cast him into
Fire, and that is ever easy for Allah.
004.031 If ye avoid the great (things) which ye are forbidden, We will remit from you
your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate.
004.032 And covet not the thing in which Allah hath made some of you excel others.
Unto men a fortune from that which they have earned, and unto women a fortune
from that which they have earned. (Envy not one another) but ask Allah of His
bounty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.
004.033 And unto each We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near
kindred leave; and as for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant,
give them their due. Lo! Allah is ever Witness over all things.
004.034 Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to
excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women).
So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded.
As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds
apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo!
Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great.
004.035 And if ye fear a breach between them twain (the man and wife), appoint an
arbiter from his folk and an arbiter from her folk. If they desire amendment Allah will
make them of one mind. Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Aware.
004.036 And serve Allah. Ascribe no thing as partner unto Him. (Show) kindness
unto parents, and unto near kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and unto the
neighbour who is of kin (unto you) and the neighbour who is not of kin, and the
fellow-traveller and the wayfarer and (the slaves) whom your right hands possess. Lo!
Allah loveth not such as are proud and boastful,
004.037 Who hoard their wealth and enjoin avarice on others, and hide that which
Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty. For disbelievers We prepare a
004.038 And (also) those who spend their wealth in order to be seen of men, and
believe not in Allah nor the Last Day. Whoso taketh Satan for a comrade, a bad
comrade hath he.
004.039 What have they (to fear) if they believe in Allah and the Last Day and spend
(aright) of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them, when Allah is ever Aware of
them (and all they do) ?
004.040 Lo! Allah wrongeth not even of the weight of an ant; and if there is a good
deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from His presence an immense
004.041 But how (will it be with them) when We bring of every people a witness, and
We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these ?
004.042 On that day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the messenger will wish
that they were level with the ground, and they can hide no fact from Allah.
004.043 O ye who believe! Draw not near unto prayer when ye are drunken, till ye
know that which ye utter, nor when ye are polluted, save when journeying upon the
road, till ye have bathed. And if ye be ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from
the closet, or ye have touched women, and ye find not water, then go to high clean
soil and rub your faces and your hands (therewith). Lo! Allah is Benign, Forgiving.
004.044 Seest thou not those unto whom a portion of the Scripture hath been given,
how they purchase error, and seek to make you (Muslims) err from the right way ?
004.045 Allah knoweth best (who are) your enemies. Allah is sufficient as a
Guardian, and Allah is sufficient as a Supporter.
004.046 Some of those who are Jews change words from their context and say: "We
hear and disobey; hear thou as one who heareth not" and "Listen to us!" distorting
with their tongues and slandering religion. If they had said: "We hear and we obey:
hear thou, and look at us" it had been better for them, and more upright. But Allah
hath cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, save a few.
004.047 O ye unto whom the Scripture hath been given! Believe in what We have
revealed confirming that which ye possess, before We destroy countenances so as to
confound them, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers (of old time). The
commandment of Allah is always executed.
004.048 Lo! Allah forgiveth not that a partner should be ascribed unto Him. He
forgiveth (all) save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners to Allah, he hath
indeed invented a tremendous sin.
004.049 Hast thou not seen those who praise themselves for purity ? Nay, Allah
purifieth whom He will, and they will not be wronged even the hair upon a date-
004.050 See, how they invent lies about Allah! That of itself is flagrant sin.
004.051 Hast thou not seen those unto whom a portion of the Scripture hath been
given, how they believe in idols and false deities, and how they say of those
(idolaters) who disbelieve: "These are more rightly guided than those who believe" ?
004.052 Those are they whom Allah hath cursed, and he whom Allah hath cursed,
thou (O Muhammad) wilt find for him no helper.
004.053 Or have they even a share in the Sovereignty ? Then in that case, they would
not give mankind even the speck on a date-stone.
004.054 Or are they jealous of mankind because of that which Allah of His bounty
hath bestowed upon them ? For We bestowed upon the house of Abraham (of old) the
Scripture and wisdom, and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom.
004.055 And of them were (some) who believed therein and of them were (some)
who turned away from it. Hell is sufficient for (their) burning.
004.056 Lo! Those who disbelieve Our revelations, We shall expose them to the Fire.
As often as their skins are consumed We shall exchange them for fresh skins that they
may taste the torment. Lo! Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
004.057 And as for those who believe and do good works, We shall make them enter
Gardens underneath which rivers flow - to dwell therein for ever; there for them are
pure companions - and We shall make them enter plenteous shade.
004.058 Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye restore deposits to their owners, and, if ye
judge between mankind, that ye judge justly. Lo! comely is this which Allah
admonisheth you. Lo! Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.
004.059 O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the messenger and those of you
who are in authority; and if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah
and the messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is
better and more seemly in the end.
004.060 Hast thou not seen those who pretend that they believe in that which is
revealed unto thee and that which was revealed before thee, how they would go for
judgment (in their disputes) to false deities when they have been ordered to abjure
them ? Satan would mislead them far astray.
004.061 And when it is said unto them: Come unto that which Allah hath revealed
and unto the messenger, thou seest the hypocrites turn from thee with aversion.
004.062 How would it be if a misfortune smote them because of that which their own
hands have sent before (them) ? Then would they come unto thee, swearing by Allah
that they were seeking naught but harmony and kindness.
004.063 Those are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knoweth. So oppose them
and admonish them, and address them in plain terms about their souls.
004.064 We sent no messenger save that he should be obeyed by Allah's leave. And
if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee and asked
forgiveness of Allah, and asked forgiveness of the messenger, they would have found
Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
004.065 But nay, by thy Lord, they will not believe (in truth) until they make thee
judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that
which thou decidest, and submit with full submission.
004.066 And if We had decreed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your
dwellings, but few of them would have done it; though if they did what they are
exhorted to do it would be better for them, and more strengthening;
004.067 And then We should bestow upon them from Our presence an immense
004.068 And should guide them unto a straight path.
004.069 Whoso obeyeth Allah and the messenger, they are with those unto whom
Allah hath shown favour, of the prophets and the saints and the martyrs and the
righteous. The best of company are they!
004.070 That is bounty from Allah, and Allah sufficeth as Knower.
004.071 O ye who believe! Take your precautions, then advance the proven ones, or
advance all together.
004.072 Lo! among you there is he who loitereth; and if disaster overtook you, he
would say: Allah hath been gracious unto me since I was not present with them.
004.073 And if a bounty from Allah befell you, he would surely cry, as if there had
been no love between you and him: Oh, would that I had been with them, then should
I have achieved a great success!
004.074 Let those fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the
other. Whoso fighteth in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We
shall bestow a vast reward.
004.075 How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and of the feeble among men
and of the women and the children who are crying: Our Lord! Bring us forth from out
this town of which the people are oppressors! Oh, give us from thy presence some
protecting friend! Oh, give us from Thy presence some defender!
004.076 Those who believe do battle for the cause of Allah; and those who disbelieve
do battle for the cause of idols. So fight the minions of the devil. Lo! the devil's
strategy is ever weak.
004.077 Hast thou not seen those unto whom it was said: Withhold your hands,
establish worship and pay the poordue, but when fighting was prescribed for them
behold! a party of them fear mankind even as their fear of Allah or with greater fear,
and say: Our Lord! Why hast Thou ordained fighting for us ? If only Thou wouldst
give us respite yet a while! Say (unto them, O Muhammad): The comfort of this
world is scant; the Hereafter will be better for him who wardeth off (evil); and ye will
not be wronged the down upon a date-stone.
004.078 Wheresoever ye may be, death will overtake you, even though ye were in
lofty towers. Yet if a happy thing befalleth them they say: This is from Allah; and if
an evil thing befalleth them they say: This is of thy doing (O Muhammad). Say (unto
them): All is from Allah. What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to
understand a happening ?
004.079 Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill
befalleth thee it is from thyself. We have sent thee (Muhammad) as a messenger unto
mankind and Allah is sufficient as Witness.
004.080 Whoso obeyeth the messenger hath obeyed Allah, and whoso turneth away:
We have not sent thee as a warder over them.
004.081 And they say: (It is) obedience; but when they have gone forth from thee a
party of them spend the night in planning other than what thou sayest. Allah recordeth
what they plan by night. So oppose them and put thy trust in Allah. Allah is sufficient
004.082 Will they not then ponder on the Qur'an ? If it had been from other than
Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.
004.083 And if any tidings, whether of safety or fear, come unto them, they noise it
abroad, whereas if they had referred it to the messenger and to such of them as are in
authority, those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known
it. If it had not been for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye would have
followed Satan, save a few (of you).
004.084 So fight (O Muhammad) in the way of Allah Thou art not taxed (with the
responsibility for anyone) except thyself - and urge on the believers. Peradventure
Allah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve. Allah is stronger in might and
stronger in inflicting punishment.
004.085 Whoso interveneth in a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whoso
interveneth in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof. Allah overseeth all
004.086 When ye are greeted with a greeting, greet ye with a better than it or return it.
Lo! Allah taketh count of all things.
004.087 Allah! There is no God save Him. He gathereth you all unto a Day of
Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. Who is more true in statement than Allah ?
004.088 What aileth you that ye are become two parties regarding the hypocrites,
when Allah cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they earned ? Seek ye to
guide him whom Allah hath sent astray ? He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him thou
(O MUhammad) canst not find a road.
004.089 They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be
upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their
homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them
wherever ye find them, and choose no friend nor helper from among them,
004.090 Except those who seek refuge with a people between whom and you there is
a covenant, or (those who) come unto you because their hearts forbid them to make
war on you or make war on their own folk. Had Allah willed He could have given
them power over you so that assuredly they would have fought you. So, if they hold
aloof from you and wage not war against you and offer you peace, Allah alloweth you
no way against them.
004.091 Ye will find others who desire that they should have security from you, and
security from their own folk. So often as they are returned to hostility they are
plunged therein. If they keep not aloof from you nor offer you peace nor hold their
hands, then take them and kill them wherever ye find them. Against such We have
given you clear warrant.
004.092 It is not for a believer to kill a believer unless (it be) by mistake. He who
hath killed a believer by mistake must set free a believing slave, and pay the blood-
money to the family of the slain, unless they remit it as a charity. If he (the victim) be
of a people hostile unto you, and he is a believer, then (the penance is) to set free a
believing slave. And if he cometh of a folk between whom and you there is a
covenant, then the blood-money must be paid unto his folk and (also) a believing
slave must be set free. And whoso hath not the wherewithal must fast two consecutive
months. A penance from Allah. Allah is Knower, Wise.
004.093 Whoso slayeth a believer of set purpose, his reward is hell for ever. Allah is
wroth against him and He hath cursed him and prepared for him an awful doom.
004.094 O ye who believe! When ye go forth (to fight) in the way of Allah, be careful
to discriminate, and say not unto one who offereth you peace: "Thou art not a
believer," seeking the chance profits of this life (so that ye may despoil him). With
Allah are plenteous spoils. Even thus (as he now is) were ye before; but Allah hath
since then been gracious unto you. Therefore take care to discriminate. Allah is ever
Informed of what ye do.
004.095 Those of the believers who sit still, other than those who have a (disabling)
hurt, are not on an equality with those who strive in the way of Allah with their
wealth and lives. Allah hath conferred on those who strive with their wealth and lives
a rank above the sedentary. Unto each Allah hath promised good, but He hath
bestowed on those who strive a great reward above the sedentary;
004.096 Degrees of rank from Him, and forgiveness and mercy. Allah is ever
004.097 Lo! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wrong
themselves, (the angels) will ask: In what were ye engaged ? They will say: We were
oppressed in the land. (The angels) will say: Was not Allah's earth spacious that ye
could have migrated therein ? As for such, their habitation will be hell, an evil
004.098 Except the feeble among men, and the women, and the children, who are
unable to devise a plan and are not shown a way.
004.099 As for such, it may be that Allah will pardon them. Allah is ever Clement,
004.100 Whoso migrateth for the cause of Allah will find much refuge and abundance
in the earth, and whoso forsaketh his home, a fugitive unto Allah and His messenger,
and death overtaketh him, his reward is then incumbent on Allah. Allah is ever
004.101 And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your)
worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. In truth the disbelievers
are an open enemy to you.
004.102 And when thou (O Muhammad) art among them and arrangest (their)
worship for them, let only a party of them stand with thee (to worship) and let them
take their arms. Then when they have performed their prostrations let them fall to the
rear and let another party come that hath not worshipped and let them worship with
thee, and let them take their precaution and their arms. Those who disbelieve long for
you to neglect your arms and your baggage that they may attack you once for all. It is
no sin for you to lay aside your arms, if rain impedeth you or ye are sick. But take
your precaution. Lo! Allah prepareth for the disbelievers shameful punishment.
004.103 When ye have performed the act of worship, remember Allah, standing,
sitting and reclining. And when ye are in safety, observe proper worship. Worship at
fixed times hath been enjoined on the believers.
004.104 Relent not in pursuit of the enemy. If ye are suffering, lo! they suffer even as
ye suffer and ye hope from Allah that for which they cannot hope. Allah is ever
004.105 Lo! We reveal unto thee the Scripture with the truth, that thou mayst judge
between mankind by that which Allah showeth thee. And be not thou a pleader for the
004.106 And seek forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
004.107 And plead not on behalf of (people) who deceive themselves. Lo! Allah
loveth not one who is treacherous and sinful.
004.108 They seek to hide from men and seek not to hide from Allah. He is with them
when by night they hold discourse displeasing unto Him. Allah ever surroundeth what
004.109 Ho! ye are they who pleaded for them in the life of the world. But who will
plead with Allah for them on the Day of Resurrection, or who will then be their
004.110 Yet whoso doeth evil or wrongeth his own soul, then seeketh pardon of
Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
004.111 Whoso committeth sin committeth it only against himself. Allah is ever
004.112 And whoso committeth a delinquency or crime, then throweth (the blame)
thereof upon the innocent, hath burdened himself with falsehood and a flagrant crime.
004.113 But for the grace of Allah upon thee (Muhammad), and His mercy, a party of
them had resolved to mislead thee, but they will mislead only themselves and they
will hurt thee not at all. Allah revealeth unto thee the Scripture and wisdom, and
teacheth thee that which thou knewest not. The grace of Allah toward thee hath been
004.114 There is no good in much of their secret conferences save (in) him who
enjoineth almsgiving and kindness and peace-making among the people. Whoso
doeth that, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, We shall bestow on him a vast reward.
004.115 And whoso opposeth the messenger after the guidance (of Allah) hath been
manifested unto him, and followeth other than the believer's way, We appoint for him
that unto which he himself hath turned, and expose him unto hell - a hapless journey's
004.116 Lo! Allah pardoneth not that partners should be ascribed unto Him. He
pardoneth all save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah hath
wandered far astray.
004.117 They invoke in His stead only females; they pray to none else than Satan, a
004.118 Whom Allah cursed, and he said: Surely I will take of Thy bondmen an
004.119 And surely I will lead them astray, and surely I will arouse desires in them,
and surely I will command them and they will cut the cattle' ears, and surely I will
command them and they will change Allah's creation. Whoso chooseth Satan for a
patron instead of Allah is verily a loser and his loss is manifest.
004.120 He promiseth them and stirreth up desires in them, and Satan promiseth them
only to beguile.
004.121 For such, their habitation will be hell, and they will find no refuge therefrom.
004.122 But as for those who believe and do good works We shall bring them into
Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. It is a
promise from Allah in truth; and who can be more truthful than Allah in utterance ?
004.123 It will not be in accordance with your desires, nor the desires of the People of
the Scripture. He who doeth wrong will have the recompense thereof, and will not
find against Allah any protecting friend or helper.
004.124 And whoso doeth good works, whether of male or female, and he (or she) is
a believer, such will enter paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date-
004.125 Who is better in religion than he who surrendereth his purpose to Allah while
doing good (to men) and followeth the tradition of Abraham, the upright ? Allah
(Himself) chose Abraham for friend.
004.126 Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the
earth. Allah ever surroundeth all things.
004.127 They consult thee concerning women. Say: Allah giveth you decree
concerning them, and the Scripture which hath been recited unto you (giveth decree),
concerning female orphans and those unto whom ye give not that which is ordained
for them though ye desire to marry them, and (concerning) the weak among children,
and that ye should deal justly with orphans. Whatever good ye do, lo! Allah is ever
Aware of it.
004.128 If a woman feareth ill treatment from her husband, or desertion, it is no sin
for them twain if they make terms of peace between themselves. Peace is better. But
greed hath been made present in the minds (of men). If ye do good and keep from
evil, lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.
004.129 Ye will not be able to deal equally between (your) wives, however much ye
wish (to do so). But turn not altogether away (from one), leaving her as in suspense. If
ye do good and keep from evil, lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
004.130 But if they separate, Allah will compensate each out of His abundance. Allah
is ever All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
004.131 Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the
earth. And We charged those who received the Scripture before you, and (We charge)
you, that ye keep your duty toward Allah. And if ye disbelieve, lo! unto Allah
belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and Allah is
ever Absolute, Owner of Praise.
004.132 Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the
earth. And Allah is sufficient as Defender.
004.133 If He will, He can remove you, O people, and produce others (in your stead).
Allah is Able to do that.
004.134 Whoso desireth the reward of the world, (let him know that) with Allah is the
reward of the world and the Hereafter. Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.
004.135 O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though
it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a
rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not
passion lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever
Informed of what ye do.
004.136 O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture
which He hath revealed unto His messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed
aforetime. Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His
messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray.
004.137 Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then
disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He
guide them unto a way.
004.138 Bear unto the hypocrites the tidings that for them there is a painful doom;
004.139 Those who chose disbelievers for their friends instead of believers! Do they
look for power at their hands ? Lo! all power appertaineth to Allah.
004.140 He hath already revealed unto you in the Scripture that, when ye hear the
revelations of Allah rejected and derided, (ye) sit not with them (who disbelieve and
mock) until they engage in some other conversation. Lo! in that case (if ye stayed) ye
would be like unto them. Lo! Allah will gather hypocrites and disbelievers, all
together, into hell;
004.141 Those who wait upon occasion in regard to you and, if a victory cometh unto
you from Allah, say: Are we not with you ? and if the disbelievers meet with a
success say: Had we not the mastery of you, and did we not protect you from the
believers ? - Allah will judge between you at the Day of Resurrection, and Allah will
not give the disbelievers any way (of success) against the believers.
004.142 Lo! the hypocrites seek to beguile Allah, but it is He Who beguileth them.
When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and
are mindful of Allah but little;
004.143 Swaying between this (and that), (belonging) neither to these nor to those.
He whom Allah causeth to go astray, thou (O Muhammad) wilt not find a way for
004.144 O ye who believe! Choose not disbelievers for (your) friends in place of
believers. Would ye give Allah a clear warrant against you ?
004.145 Lo! the hypocrites (will be) in the lowest deep of the Fire, and thou wilt find
no helper for them;
004.146 Save those who repent and amend and hold fast to Allah and make their
religion pure for Allah (only). Those are with the believers. And Allah will bestow on
the believers an immense reward.
004.147 What concern hath Allah for your punishment if ye are thankful (for His
mercies) and believe (in Him) ? Allah was ever Responsive, Aware.
004.148 Allah loveth not the utterance of harsh speech save by one who hath been
wronged. Allah is ever Hearer, Knower.
004.149 If ye do good openly or keep it secret, or forgive evil, lo! Allah is ever
004.150 Lo! those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers, and seek to make
distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say: We believe in some and
disbelieve in others, and seek to choose a way in between;
004.151 Such are disbelievers in truth; and for disbelievers We prepare a shameful
004.152 But those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction
between any of them, unto them Allah will give their wages; and Allah was ever
004.153 The people of the Scripture ask of thee that thou shouldst cause an (actual)
Book to descend upon them from heaven. They asked a greater thing of Moses
aforetime, for they said: Show us Allah plainly. The storm of lightning seized them
for their wickedness. Then (even) after that) they chose the calf (for worship) after
clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty) had come unto them. And We forgave them that!
And We bestowed on Moses evident authority.
004.154 And We caused the Mount to tower above them at (the taking of) their
covenant: and We bade them: Enter the gate, prostrate! and We bode them:
Transgress not the Sabbath! and We took from them a firm covenant.
004.155 Then because of their breaking of their covenant, and their disbelieving in
the revelations of Allah, and their slaying of the prophets wrongfully, and their
saying: Our hearts are hardened - Nay, but Allah set a seal upon them for their
disbelief, so that they believe not save a few -
004.156 And because of their disbelief and of their speaking against Mary a
004.157 And because of their saying: We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary,
Allah's messenger - they slew him not nor crucified him, but it appeared so unto
them; and lo! those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no
knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain.
004.158 But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise.
004.159 There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before
his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them -
004.160 Because of the wrongdoing of the Jews We forbade them good things which
were (before) made lawful unto them, and because of their much hindering from
004.161 And of their taking usury when they were forbidden it, and of their
devouring people's wealth by false pretences, We have prepared for those of them
who disbelieve a painful doom.
004.162 But those of them who are firm in knowledge and the believers believe in
that which is revealed unto thee, and that which was revealed before thee, especially
the diligent in prayer and those who pay the poor-due, the believers in Allah and the
Last Day. Upon these We shall bestow immense reward.
004.163 Lo! We inspire thee as We inspired Noah and the prophets after him, as We
inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job
and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as We imparted unto David the Psalms;
004.164 And messengers We have mentioned unto thee before and messengers We
have not mentioned unto thee; and Allah spake directly unto Moses;
004.165 Messengers of good cheer and of warning, in order that mankind might have
no argument against Allah after the messengers. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise.
004.166 But Allah (Himself) testifieth concerning that which He hath revealeth unto
thee; in His knowledge hath He revealed it; and the angels also testify. And Allah is
004.167 Lo! those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from the way of Allah, they
verily have wandered far astray.
004.168 Lo! those who disbelieve and deal in wrong, Allah will never forgive them,
neither will He guide them unto a road,
004.169 Except the road of hell, wherein they will abide for ever. And that is ever
easy for Allah.
004.170 O mankind! The messenger hath come unto you with the Truth from your
Lord. Therefor believe; (it is) better for you. But if ye disbelieve, still, lo! unto Allah
belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
004.171 O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught
concerning Allah save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a
messenger of Allah, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from
Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers, and say not "Three" - Cease! (it is)
better for you! - Allah is only One God. Far is it removed from His Transcendent
Majesty that He should have a son. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in
the earth. And Allah is sufficient as Defender.
004.172 The Messiah will never scorn to be a slave unto Allah, nor will the favoured
angels. Whoso scorneth His service and is proud, all such will He assemble unto Him;
004.173 Then, as for those who believed and did good works, unto them will He pay
their wages in full, adding unto them of His bounty; and as for those who were
scornful and proud, them will He punish with a painful doom. And they will not find
for them, against Allah, any protecting friend or helper.
004.174 O mankind! Now hath a proof from your Lord come unto you, and We have
sent down unto you a clear light;
004.175 As for those who believe in Allah, and hold fast unto Him, them He will
cause to enter into His mercy and grace, and will guide them unto Him by a straight
004.176 They ask thee for a pronouncement. Say: Allah hath pronounced for you
concerning distant kindred. If a man die childless and he have a sister, hers is half the
heritage, and he would have inherited from her had she died childless. And if there be
two sisters, then theirs are two-thirds of the heritage, and if they be brethren, men and
women, unto the male is the equivalent of the share of two females. Allah expoundeth
unto you, so that ye err not. Allah is Knower of all things.