009.001 Freedom from obligation (is proclaimed) from Allah and His messenger
toward those of the idolaters with whom ye made a treaty.
009.002 Travel freely in the land four months, and know that ye cannot escape Allah
and that Allah will confound the disbelievers (in His Guidance).
009.003 And a proclamation from Allah and His messenger to all men on the day of
the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from obligation to the idolaters, and (so is)
His messenger. So, if ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then
know that ye cannot escape Allah. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to
those who disbelieve,
009.004 Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and
who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you.
(As for these), fulfil their treaty to them till their term. Lo! Allah loveth those who
keep their duty (unto Him).
009.005 Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye
find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each
ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave
their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
009.006 And if anyone of the idolaters seeketh thy protection (O Muhammad), then
protect him so that he may hear the Word of Allah, and afterward convey him to his
place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not.
009.007 How can there be a treaty with Allah and with His messenger for the
idolaters save those with whom ye made a treaty at the Inviolable Place of Worship ?
So long as they are true to you, be true to them. Lo! Allah loveth those who keep their
009.008 How (can there be any treaty for the others) when, if they have the upper
hand of you, they regard not pact nor honour in respect of you ? They satisfy you with
their mouths the while their hearts refuse. And most of them are wrongdoers.
009.009 They have purchased with the revelations of Allah a little gain, so they debar
(men) from His way. Lo! evil is that which they are wont to do.
009.010 And they observe toward a believer neither pact nor honour. These are they
who are transgressors.
009.011 But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then are they
your brethren in religion. We detail Our revelations for a people who have
009.012 And if they break their pledges after their treaty (hath been made with you)
and assail your religion, then fight the heads of disbelief - Lo! they have no binding
oaths - in order that they may desist.
009.013 Will ye not fight a folk who broke their solemn pledges, and purposed to
drive out the messenger and did attack you first ? What! Fear ye them ? Now Allah
hath more right that ye should fear Him, if ye are believers
009.014 Fight them! Allah will chastise them at your hands, and He will lay them low
and give you victory over them, and He will heal the breasts of folk who are
009.015 And He will remove the anger of their hearts. Allah relenteth toward whom
He will. Allah is Knower, Wise.
009.016 Or deemed ye that ye would be left (in peace) when Allah yet knoweth not
those of you who strive, choosing for familiar none save Allah and His messenger and
the believers ? Allah is Informed of what ye do.
009.017 It is not for the idolaters to tend Allah's sanctuaries, bearing witness against
themselves of disbelief. As for such, their works are vain and in the Fire they will
009.018 He only shall tend Allah's sanctuaries who believeth in Allah and the Last
Day and observeth proper worship and payeth the poor-due and feareth none save
Allah. For such (only) is it possible that they can be of the rightly guided.
009.019 Count ye the slaking of a pilgrim's thirst and tendance of the Inviolable Place
of Worship as (equal to the worth of) him who believeth in Allah and the Last Day,
and striveth in the way of Allah ? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah
guideth not wrongdoing folk.
009.020 Those who believe, and have left their homes and striven with their wealth
and their lives in Allah's way are of much greater worth in Allah's sight. These are
they who are triumphant.
009.021 Their Lord giveth them good tidings of mercy from Him, and acceptance,
and Gardens where enduring pleasure will be theirs;
009.022 There they will abide for ever. Lo! with Allah there is immense reward.
009.023 O ye who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your brethren for friends if
they take pleasure in disbelief rather than faith. Whoso of you taketh them for friends,
such are wrong-doers.
009.024 Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and
your tribe, and the wealth ye have acquired, and merchandise for which ye fear that
there will no sale, and dwellings ye desire are dearer to you than Allah and His
messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah bringeth His command to pass.
Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
009.025 Allah hath given you victory on many fields and on the day of Huneyn, when
ye exulted in your multitude but it availed you naught, and the earth, vast as it is, was
straitened for you; then ye turned back in flight;
009.026 Then Allah sent His peace of reassurance down upon His messenger and
upon the believers, and sent down hosts ye could not see, and punished those who
disbelieved. Such is the reward of disbelievers.
009.027 Then afterward Allah will relent toward whom He will; for Allah is
009.028 O ye who believe! The idolaters only are unclean. So let them not come near
the Inviolable Place of Worship after this their year. If ye fear poverty (from the loss
of their merchandise) Allah shall preserve you of His bounty if He will. Lo! Allah is
009.029 Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not
in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His
messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily,
being brought low.
009.030 And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: The
Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the
saying of those who disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fighteth against them. How
perverse are they!
009.031 They have taken as lords beside Allah their rabbis and their monks and the
Messiah son of Mary, when they were bidden to worship only One God. There is no
God save Him. Be He Glorified from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!
009.032 Fain would they put out the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah
disdaineth (aught) save that He shall perfect His light, however much the disbelievers
009.033 He it is Who hath sent His messenger with the guidance and the Religion of
Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religion, however much the idolaters
may be averse.
009.034 O ye who believe! Lo! many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian)
monks devour the wealth of mankind wantonly and debar (men) from the way of
Allah. They who hoard up gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, unto
them give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom,
009.035 On the day when it will (all) be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads
and their flanks and their backs will be branded therewith (and it will be said unto
them): Here is that which ye hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what ye used to
009.036 Lo! the number of the months with Allah is twelve months by Allah's
ordinance in the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are
sacred: that is the right religion. So wrong not yourselves in them. And wage war on
all of the idolaters as they are waging war on all of you. And know that Allah is with
those who keep their duty (unto Him).
009.037 Postponement (of a sacred month) is only an excess of disbelief whereby
those who disbelieve are misled; they allow it one year and forbid it (another) year,
that they may make up the number of the months which Allah hath hallowed, so that
they allow that which Allah hath forbidden. The evil of their deeds is made
fairseeming unto them. Allah guideth not the disbelieving folk.
009.038 O ye who believe! What aileth you that when it is said unto you: Go forth in
the way of Allah, ye are bowed down to the ground with heaviness. Take ye pleasure
in the life of the world rather than in the Hereafter ? The comfort of the life of the
world is but little in the Hereafter.
009.039 If ye go not forth He will afflict you with a painful doom, and will choose
instead of you a folk other than you. Ye cannot harm Him at all. Allah is Able to do
009.040 If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove
him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his
comrade: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of
reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and
made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while Allah's Word it was
that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
009.041 Go forth, light-armed and heavy-armed, and strive with your wealth and your
lives in the way of Allah! That is best for you if ye but knew.
009.042 Had it been a near adventure and an easy journey they had followed thee, but
the distance seemed too far for them. Yet will they swear by Allah (saying): If we had
been able we would surely have set out with you. They destroy their souls, and Allah
knoweth that they verily are liars.
009.043 Allah forgive thee (O Muhammad)! Wherefor didst thou grant them leave ere
those who told the truth were manifest to thee and thou didst know the liars ?
009.044 Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day ask no leave of thee lest they
should strive with their wealth and their lives. Allah is Aware of those who keep their
duty (unto Him).
009.045 They alone ask leave of thee who believe not in Allah and the Last Day, and
whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver.
009.046 And if they had wished to go forth they would assuredly have made ready
some equipment, but Allah was averse to their being sent forth and held them back
and it was said (unto them): Sit ye with the sedentary!
009.047 Had they gone forth among you they had added to you naught save trouble
and had hurried to and fro among you, seeking to cause sedition among you; and
among you there are some who would have listened to them. Allah is Aware of evil-
009.048 Aforetime they sought to cause sedition and raised difficulties for thee till the
Truth came and the decree of Allah was made manifest, though they were loth.
009.049 Of them is he who saith: Grant me leave (to stay at home) and tempt me not.
Surely it is into temptation that they (thus) have fallen. Lo! hell verily is all around
009.050 If good befalleth thee (O Muhammad) it afflicteth them, and if calamity
befalleth thee, they say: We took precaution, and they turn away well pleased.
009.051 Say: Naught befalleth us save that which Allah hath decreed for us. He is our
Protecting Friend. In Allah let believers put their trust!
009.052 Say: Can ye await for us aught save one of two good things (death or victory
in Allah's way) ? while we await for you that Allah will afflict you with a doom from
Him or at our hands. Await then! Lo! We are awaiting with you.
009.053 Say: Pay (your contribution), willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted
from you. Lo! ye were ever froward folk.
009.054 And naught preventeth that their contributions should be accepted from them
save that they have disbelieved in Allah and in His messenger, and they come not to
worship save as idlers, and pay not (their contribution) save reluctantly.
009.055 So let not their riches nor their children please thee (O Muhammad). Allah
thereby intendeth but to punish them in the life of the world and that their souls shall
pass away while they are disbelievers.
009.056 And they swear by Allah that they are in truth of you, when they are not of
you, but they are folk who are afraid.
009.057 Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to enter, they surely had
resorted thither swift as runaways.
009.058 And of them is he who defameth thee in the matter of the alms. If they are
given thereof they are content, and if they are not given thereof, behold! they are
009.059 (How much more seemly) had they been content with that which Allah and
His messenger had given them and had said: Allah sufficeth us. Allah will give us of
His bounty, and (also) His messenger. Unto Allah we are suppliants.
009.060 The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them,
and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors,
and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarer; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is
009.061 And of them are those who vex the Prophet and say: He is only a hearer. Say:
A hearer of good for you, who believeth in Allah and is true to the believers, and a
mercy for such of you as believe. Those who vex the messenger of Allah, for them
there is a painful doom.
009.062 They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) to please you, but Allah, with His
messenger, hath more right that they should please Him if they are believers.
009.063 Know they not that whoso opposeth Allah and His messenger, his verily is
fire of hell, to abide therein ? That is the extreme abasement.
009.064 The hypocrites fear lest a surah should be revealed concerning them,
proclaiming what is in their hearts. Say: Scoff (your fill)! Lo! Allah is disclosing what
009.065 And if thou ask them (O Muhammad) they will say: We did but talk and jest.
Say: Was it at Allah and His revelations and His messenger that ye did scoff ?
009.066 Make no excuse. Ye have disbelieved after your (confession of) belief. If We
forgive a party of you, a party of you We shall punish because they have been guilty.
009.067 The hypocrites, both men and women, proceed one from another. They
enjoin the wrong, and they forbid the right, and they withhold their hands (from
spending for the cause of Allah). They forget Allah, so He hath forgotten them. Lo!
the hypocrites, they are the transgressors.
009.068 Allah promiseth the hypocrites, both men and women, and the disbelievers
fire of hell for their abode. It will suffice them. Allah curseth them, and theirs is
009.069 Even as those before you who were mightier than you in strength, and more
affluent than you in wealth and children. They enjoyed their lot awhile, so ye enjoy
your lot awhile even as those before you did enjoy their lot awhile. And ye prate even
as they prated. Such are they whose works have perished in the world and the
Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
009.070 Hath not the fame of those before them reached them - the folk of Noah,
A'ad, Thamud, the folk of Abraham, the dwellers of Midian and the disasters (which
befell them) ? Their messengers (from Allah) came unto them with proofs (of Allah's
Sovereignty). So Allah surely wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves.
009.071 And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends one of another;
they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they establish worship and they pay
the poor-due, and they obey Allah and His messenger. As for these, Allah will have
mercy on them. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
009.072 Allah promiseth to the believers, men and women, Gardens underneath
which rivers flow, wherein they will abide - blessed dwellings in Gardens of Eden.
And - greater (far)! - acceptance from Allah. That is the supreme triumph.
009.073 O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with
them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey's end.
009.074 They swear by Allah that they said nothing (wrong), yet they did say the
word of disbelief, and did disbelieve after their Surrender (to Allah). And they
purposed that which they could not attain, and they sought revenge only that Allah by
His messenger should enrich them of His bounty. If they repent it will be better for
them; and if they turn away, Allah will afflict them with a painful doom in the world
and the Hereafter, and they have no protecting friend nor helper in the earth.
009.075 And of them is he who made a covenant with Allah (saying): If He give us of
His bounty we will give alms and become of the righteous.
009.076 Yet when He gave them of His bounty, they hoarded it and turned away,
009.077 So He hath made the consequence (to be) hypocrisy in their hearts until the
day when they shall meet Him, because they broke their word to Allah that they
promised Him, and because they lied.
009.078 Know they not that Allah knoweth both their secret and the thought that they
confide, and that Allah is the Knower of Things Hidden ?
009.079 Those who point at such of the believers as give the alms willingly and such
as can find naught to give but their endeavours, and deride them - Allah (Himself)
derideth them. Theirs will be a painful doom.
009.080 Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not forgiveness for them;
though thou ask forgiveness for them seventy times Allah will not forgive them. That
is because they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and Allah guideth not
009.081 Those who were left behind rejoiced at sitting still behind the messenger of
Allah, and were averse to striving with their wealth and their lives in Allah's way.
And they said: Go not forth in the heat! Say: The fire of hell is more intense of heat, if
they but understood.
009.082 Then let them laugh a little: they will weep much, as the reward of what they
used to earn.
009.083 If Allah bring thee back (from the campaign) unto a party of them and they
ask of thee leave to go out (to fight), then say unto them: Ye shall never more go out
with me nor fight with me against a foe. Ye were content with sitting still the first
time. So sit still, with the useless.
009.084 And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his
grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they
009.085 Let not their wealth nor their children please thee! Allah purposeth only to
punish them thereby in the world, and that their souls shall pass away while they are
009.086 And when a surah is revealed (which saith): Believe in Allah and strive along
with His messenger, the men of wealth among them still ask leave of thee and say:
Suffer us to be with those who sit (at home).
009.087 They are content that they should be with the useless and their hearts are
sealed, so that they apprehend not.
009.088 But the messenger and those who believe with him strive with their wealth
and their lives. Such are they for whom are the good things. Such are they who are the
009.089 Allah hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow,
wherein they will abide. That is the supreme triumph.
009.090 And those among the wandering Arabs who had an excuse came in order that
permission might be granted them. And those who lied to Allah and His messenger
sat at home. A painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
009.091 Not unto the weak nor unto the sick nor unto those who can find naught to
spend is any fault (to be imputed though they stay at home) if they are true to Allah
and His messenger. Not unto the good is there any road (of blame). Allah is
009.092 Nor unto those whom, when they came to thee (asking) that thou shouldst
mount them, thou didst tell: I cannot find whereon to mount you. They turned back
with eyes flowing with tears, for sorrow that they could not find the means to spend.
009.093 The road (of blame) is only against those who ask for leave of thee (to stay at
home) when they are rich. They are content to be with the useless. Allah hath sealed
their hearts so that they know not.
009.094 They will make excuse to you (Muslims) when ye return unto them. Say:
Make no excuse, for we shall not believe you. Allah hath told us tidings of you. Allah
and His messenger will see your conduct, and then ye will be brought back unto Him
Who knoweth the Invisible as well as the Visible, and He will tell you what ye used
009.095 They will swear by Allah unto you, when ye return unto them, that ye may
let them be. Let them be, for lo! they are unclean, and their abode is hell as the reward
for what they used to earn.
009.096 They swear unto you, that ye may accept them. Though ye accept them.
Allah verily accepteth not wrongdoing folk.
009.097 The wandering Arabs are more hard in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more
likely to be ignorant of the limits which Allah hath revealed unto His messenger. And
Allah is Knower, Wise.
009.098 And of the wandering Arabs there is he who taketh that which he expendeth
(for the cause of Allah) as a loss, and awaiteth (evil) turns of fortune for you (that he
may be rid of it). The evil turn of fortune will be theirs. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
009.099 And of the wandering Arabs there is he who believeth in Allah and the Last
Day, and taketh that which he expendeth and also the prayers of the messenger as
acceptable offerings in the sight of Allah. Lo! verily it is an acceptable offering for
them. Allah will bring them into His mercy. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
009.100 And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, and those who
followed them in goodness - Allah is well pleased with them and they are well
pleased with Him, and He hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers
flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
009.101 And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites,
and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in hypocrisy
whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise
them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom.
009.102 And (there are) others who have acknowledged their faults. They mixed a
righteous action with another that was bad. It may be that Allah will relent toward
them. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
009.103 Take alms of their wealth, wherewith thou mayst purify them and mayst
make them grow, and pray for them. Lo! thy prayer is an assuagement for them. Allah
is Hearer, Knower.
009.104 Know they not that Allah is He Who accepteth repentance from His
bondmen and taketh the alms, and that Allah is He Who is the Relenting, the
009.105 And say (unto them): Act! Allah will behold your actions, and (so will) His
messenger and the believers, and ye will be brought back to the Knower of the
Invisible and the Visible, and He will tell you what ye used to do.
009.106 And (there are) others who await Allah's decree, whether He will punish
them or will forgive them. Allah is Knower, Wise.
009.107 And as for those who chose a place of worship out of opposition and
disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among the believers, and as an outpost for
those who warred against Allah and His messenger aforetime, they will surely swear:
We purposed naught save good. Allah beareth witness that they verily are liars.
009.108 Never stand (to pray) there. A place of worship which was found upon duty
(to Allah) from the first day is more worthy that thou shouldst stand (to pray) therein,
wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers.
009.109 Is he who founded his building upon duty to Allah and His good pleasure
better; or he who founded his building on the brink of a crumbling, overhanging
precipice so that it toppled with him into the fire of hell ? Allah guideth not
009.110 The building which they built will never cease to be a misgiving in their
hearts unless their hearts be torn to pieces. Allah is Knower, Wise.
009.111 Lo! Allah hath bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because
the Garden will be theirs: they shall fight in the way of Allah and shall slay and be
slain. It is a promise which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the
Qur'an. Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah ? Rejoice then in your bargain
that ye have made, for that is the supreme triumph.
009.112 (Triumphant) are those who turn repentant (to Allah), those who serve
(Him), those who praise (Him), those who fast, those who bow down, those who fall
prostrate (in worship), those who enjoin the right and who forbid the wrong and those
who keep the limits (ordained) of Allah - And give glad tidings to believers!
009.113 It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of
idolaters even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that
they are people of hell-fire.
009.114 The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of
a promise he had promised him, but when it had become clear unto him that he (his
father) was an enemy to Allah he (Abraham) disowned him. Lo! Abraham was soft of
009.115 It was never Allah's (part) that He should send a folk astray after He had
guided them until He had made clear unto them what they should avoid. Lo! Allah is
Aware of all things.
009.116 Lo! Allah! Unto Him belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth.
He quickeneth and He giveth death. And ye have, instead of Allah, no protecting
friend nor helper.
009.117 Allah hath turned in mercy to the Prophet, and to the Muhajirin and the
Ansar who followed him in the hour of hardship. After the hearts of a party of them
had almost swerved aside, then turned He unto them in mercy. Lo! He is Full of Pity,
Merciful for them.
009.118 And to the three also (did He turn in mercy) who were left behind, when the
earth, vast as it is, was straitened for them, and their own souls were straitened for
them till they bethought them that there is no refuge from Allah save toward Him.
Then turned He unto them in mercy that they (too) might turn (repentant unto Him).
Lo! Allah! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
009.119 O ye who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah, and be with the truthful.
009.120 It is not for the townsfolk of Al-Madinah and for those around them of the
wandering Arabs so stay behind the messenger of Allah and prefer their lives to his
life. That is because neither thirst nor toil nor hunger afflicteth them in the way of
Allah, nor step they any step that angereth the disbelievers, nor gain they from the
enemy a gain, but a good deed is recorded for them therefor. Lo! Allah loseth not the
wages of the good.
009.121 Nor spend they any spending, small or great, nor do they cross a valley, but it
is recorded for them, that Allah may repay them the best of what they used to do.
009.122 And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a
party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge
in religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they
009.123 O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you, and
let them find harshness in you, and know that Allah is with those who keep their duty
009.124 And whenever a surah is revealed there are some of them who say: Which
one of you hath thus increased in faith ? As for those who believe, it hath increased
them in faith and they rejoice (therefor).
009.125 But as for those in whose hearts is disease, it only addeth wickedness to their
wickedness, and they die while they are disbelievers.
009.126 See they not that they are tested once or twice in every year ? Still they turn
not in repentance, neither pay they heed.
009.127 And whenever a surah is revealed, they look one at another (as who should
say): Doth anybody see you ? Then they turn away. Allah turneth away their hearts
because they are a folk who understand not.
009.128 There hath come unto you a messenger, (one) of yourselves, unto whom
aught that ye are overburdened is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers
full of pity, merciful.
009.129 Now, if they turn away (O Muhammad) say: Allah sufficeth me. There is no
God save Him. In Him have I put my trust, and He is Lord of the Tremendous