012.001 Alif. Lam. Ra. These are verse of the Scripture that maketh plain.
012.002 Lo! We have revealed it, a Lecture in Arabic, that ye may understand.
012.003 We narrate unto thee (Muhammad) the best of narratives in that We have
inspired in thee this Qur'an, though aforetime thou wast of the heedless.
012.004 When Joseph said unto his father: O my father! Lo! I saw in a dream eleven
planets and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating themselves unto me.
012.005 He said: O my dear son! Tell not thy brethren of thy vision, lest they plot a
plot against thee. Lo! Satan is for man an open foe.
012.006 Thus thy Lord will prefer thee and will teach thee the interpretation of
events, and will perfect His grace upon thee and upon the family of Jacob as He
perfected it upon thy forefathers, Abraham and Isaac. Lo! thy Lord is Knower, Wise.
012.007 Verily in Joseph and his brethren are signs (of Allah's Sovereignty) for the
012.008 When they said: Verily Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than
we are, many though we be. Lo! our father is in plain aberration.
012.009 (One said): Kill Joseph or cast him to some (other) land, so that your father's
favour may be all for you, and (that) ye may afterward be righteous folk.
012.010 One among them said: Kill not Joseph but, if ye must be doing, fling him
into the depth of the pit; some caravan will find him.
012.011 They said: O our father! Why wilt thou not trust us with Joseph, when lo! we
are good friends to him ?
012.012 Send him with us to-morrow that he may enjoy himself and play. And lo! we
shall take good care of him.
012.013 He said: Lo! in truth it saddens me that ye should take him with you, and I
fear less the wolf devour him while ye are heedless of him.
012.014 They said: If the wolf should devour him when we are (so strong) a band,
then surely we should have already perished.
012.015 Then, when they led him off, and were of one mind that they should place
him in the depth of the pit, We inspired in him: Thou wilt tell them of this deed of
theirs when they know (thee) not.
012.016 And they came weeping to their father in the evening.
012.017 Saying: O our father! We went racing one with another, and left Joseph by
our things, and the wolf devoured him, and thou believest not our saying even when
we speak the truth.
012.018 And they came with false blood on his shirt. He said: Nay, but your minds
have beguiled you into something. (My course is) comely patience. And Allah it is
Whose help is to be sought in that (predicament) which ye describe.
012.019 And there came a caravan, and they sent their waterdrawer. He let down his
pail (into the pit). He said: Good luck! Here is a youth. And they hid him as a
treasure, and Allah was Aware of what they did.
012.020 And they sold him for a low price, a number of silver coins; and they
attached no value to him.
012.021 And he of Egypt who purchased him said unto his wife: Receive him
honourably. Perchance he may prove useful to us or we may adopt him as a son. Thus
we established Joseph in the land that We might teach him the interpretation of
events. And Allah was predominant in His career, but most of mankind know not.
012.022 And And when he reached his prime We gave him wisdom and knowledge.
Thus We reward the good.
012.023 And she, in whose house he was, asked of him an evil act. She bolted the
doors and said: Come! He said: I seek refuge in Allah! Lo! he is my lord, who hath
treated me honourably. Lo! wrong-doers never prosper.
012.024 She verily desired him, and he would have desired her if it had not been that
he saw the argument of his Lord. Thus it was, that We might ward off from him evil
and lewdness. Lo! he was of Our chosen slaves.
012.025 And they raced with one another to the door, and she tore his shirt from
behind, and they met her lord and master at the door. She said: What shall be his
reward, who wisheth evil to thy folk, save prison or a painful doom ?
012.026 (Joseph) said: She it was who asked of me an evil act. And a witness of her
own folk testified: If his shirt is torn from before, then she speaketh truth and he is of
012.027 And if his shirt is torn from behind, then she hath lied and he is of the
012.028 So when he saw his shirt torn from behind, he said: Lo! this is of the guile of
you women. Lo! the guile of you is very great.
012.029 O Joseph! Turn away from this, and thou, (O woman), ask forgiveness for
thy sin. Lo! thou art of the faulty.
012.030 And women in the city said: The ruler's wife is asking of her slave-boy an ill-
deed. Indeed he has smitten her to the heart with love. We behold her in plain
012.031 And when she heard of their sly talk, she sent to them and prepared for them
a cushioned couch (to lie on at the feast) and gave to every one of them a knife and
said (to Joseph): Come out unto them! And when they saw him they exalted him and
cut their hands, exclaiming: Allah Blameless! This is no a human being. This is not
other than some gracious angel.
012.032 She said: This is he on whose account ye blamed me. I asked of him an evil
act, but he proved continent, but if he do not my behest he verily shall be imprisoned,
and verily shall be of those brought low.
012.033 He said: O my Lord! Prison is more dear than that unto which they urge me,
and if Thou fend not off their wiles from me I shall incline unto them and become of
012.034 So his Lord heard his prayer and fended off their wiles from him. Lo! He is
012.035 And it seemed good to them (the men-folk) after they had seen the signs (of
his innocence) to imprison him for a time.
012.036 And two young men went to prison with him. One of them said: I dreamed
that I was pressing wine. The other said: I dreamed that I was carrying upon my head
bread whereof the birds were eating. Announce unto us the interpretation, for we see
thee of those good (at interpretation).
012.037 He said: The food which ye are given (daily) shall not come unto you but I
shall tell you the interpretation ere it cometh unto you. This is of that which my Lord
hath taught me. Lo! I have forsaken the religion of folk who believe not in Allah and
are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
012.038 And I have followed the religion of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and
Jacob. It never was for us to attribute aught as partner to Allah. This is of the bounty
of Allah unto us (the seed of Abraham) and unto mankind; but most men give not
012.039 O my fellow-prisoners! Are divers lords better, or Allah the One, Almighty ?
012.040 Those whom ye worship beside Him are but names which ye have named, ye
and your fathers. Allah hath revealed no sanction for them. The decision rests with
Allah only, Who hath commanded you that ye worship none save Him. This is the
right religion, but most men know not.
012.041 O my two fellow-prisoners! As for one of you, he will pour out wine for his
lord to drink; and as for the other, he will be crucified so that the birds will eat from
his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which ye did inquire.
012.042 And he said unto him of the twain who he knew would be released: Mention
me in the presence of thy lord. But Satan caused him to forget to mention it to his
lord, so he (Joseph) stayed in prison for some years.
012.043 And the king said: Lo! I saw in a dream seven fat kine which seven lean
were eating, and seven green ears of corn and other (seven) dry. O notables! Expound
for me my vision, if ye can interpret dreams.
012.044 They answered: Jumbled dreams! And we are not knowing in the
interpretation of dreams.
012.045 And he of the two who was released, and (now) at length remembered, said:
I am going to announce unto you the interpretation, therefore send me forth.
012.046 (And when he came to Joseph in the prison, he exclaimed): Joseph! O thou
truthful one! Expound for us the seven fat kine which seven lean were eating and the
seven green ears of corn and other (seven) dry, that I may return unto the people, so
that they may know.
012.047 He said: Ye shall sow seven years as usual, but that which ye reap, leave it in
the ear, all save a little which ye eat.
012.048 Then after that will come seven hard years which will devour all that ye have
prepared for them, save a little of that which ye have stored.
012.049 Then, after that, will come a year when the people will have plenteous crops
and when they will press (wine and oil).
012.050 And the king said: Bring him unto me. And when the messenger came unto
him, he (Joseph) said: Return unto thy lord and ask him what was the case of the
women who cut their hands. Lo! my Lord knoweth their guile.
012.051 He (the king) (then sent for those women and) said: What happened when ye
asked an evil act of Joseph ? They answered: Allah Blameless! We know no evil of
him. Said the wife of the ruler: Now the truth is out. I asked of him an evil act, and he
is surely of the truthful.
012.052 (Then Joseph said: I asked for) this, that he (my lord) may know that I
betrayed him not in secret, and that surely Allah guideth not the snare of the
012.053 I do not exculpate myself. Lo! the (human) soul enjoineth unto evil, save that
whereon my Lord hath mercy. Lo! my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
012.054 And the king said: Bring him unto me that I may attach him to my person.
And when he had talked with him he said: Lo! thou art to-day in our presence
established and trusted.
012.055 He said: Set me over the storehouses of the land. Lo! I am a skilled
012.056 Thus gave We power to Joseph in the land. He was the owner of it where he
pleased. We reach with Our mercy whom We will. We lose not the reward of the
012.057 And the reward of the Hereafter is better, for those who believe and ward off
012.058 And Joseph's brethren came and presented themselves before him, and he
knew them but they knew him not.
012.059 And when he provided them with their provision he said: Bring unto me a
brother of yours from your father. See ye not that I fill up the measure and I am the
best of hosts ?
012.060 And if ye bring him not unto me, then there shall be no measure for you with
me, nor shall ye draw near.
012.061 They said: We will try to win him from his father: that we will surely do.
012.062 He said unto his young men: Place their merchandise in their saddlebags, so
that they may know it when they go back to their folk, and so will come again.
012.063 So when they went back to their father they said: O our father! The measure
is denied us, so send with us our brother that we may obtain the measure, surely we
will guard him well.
012.064 He said: Can I entrust him to you save as I entrusted his brother to you
aforetime ? Allah is better at guarding, and He is the Most Merciful of those who
012.065 And when they opened their belongings they discovered that their
merchandise had been returned to them. They said: O our father! What (more) can we
ask ? Here is our merchandise returned to us. We shall get provision for our folk and
guard our brother, and we shall have the extra measure of a camel (load). This (that
we bring now) is a light measure.
012.066 He said: I will not send him with you till ye give me an undertaking in the
name of Allah that ye will bring him back to me, unless ye are surrounded. And when
they gave him their undertaking he said: Allah is the Warden over what we say.
012.067 And he said: O my sons! Go not in by one gate; go in by different gates. I
can naught avail you as against Allah. Lo! the decision rests with Allah only. In Him
do I put my trust, and in Him let all the trusting put their trust.
012.068 And when they entered in the manner which their father had enjoined, it
would have naught availed them as against Allah; it was but a need of Jacob's soul
which he thus satisfied; and lo! he was a lord of knowledge because We had taught
him; but most of mankind know not.
012.069 And when they went in before Joseph, he took his brother unto him, saying:
Lo! I, even I, am thy brother, therefore sorrow not for what they did.
012.070 And when he provided them with their provision, he put the drinking-cup in
his brother's saddlebag, and then a crier cried: O camel-riders! Lo! ye are surely
012.071 They cried, coming toward them: What is it ye have lost ?
012.072 They said: We have lost the king's cup, and he who bringeth it shall have a
camel-load, and I (said Joseph) am answerable for it.
012.073 They said: By Allah, well ye know we came not to do evil in the land, and
are no thieves.
012.074 They said: And what shall be the penalty for it, if ye prove liars ?
012.075 They said: The penalty for it! He in whose bag (the cup) is found, he is the
penalty for it. Thus we requite wrong-doers.
012.076 Then he (Joseph) began the search with their bags before his brother's bag,
then he produced it from his brother's bag. Thus did We contrive for Joseph. He could
not have taken his brother according to the king's law unless Allah willed. We raise
by grades (of mercy) whom We will, and over every lord of knowledge there is one
012.077 They said: If he stealeth, a brother of his stole before. But Joseph kept it
secret in his soul and revealed it not unto them. He said (within himself): Ye are in
worse case, and Allah knoweth best (the truth of) that which ye allege.
012.078 They said: O ruler of the land! Lo! he hath a very aged father, so take one of
us instead of him. Lo! we behold thee of those who do kindness.
012.079 He said: Allah forbid that we should seize save him with whom we found our
property; then truly we should be wrong-doers.
012.080 So, When they despaired of (moving) him, they conferred together apart. The
eldest of them said: Know ye not how your father took an undertaking from you in
Allah's name and how ye failed in the case of Joseph aforetime ? Therefore I shall not
go forth from the land until my father giveth leave or Allah judgeth for me. He is the
Best of Judges.
012.081 Return unto your father and say: O our father! Lo! thy son hath stolen. We
testify only to that which we know; we are not guardians of the Unseen.
012.082 Ask the township where we were, and the caravan with which we travelled
hither. Lo! we speak the truth.
012.083 (And when they came unto their father and had spoken thus to him) he said:
Nay, but your minds have beguiled you into something. (My course is) comely
patience! It may be that Allah will bring them all unto me. Lo! He, only He, is the
Knower, the Wise.
012.084 And he turned away from them and said: Alas, my grief for Joseph! And his
eyes were whitened with the sorrow that he was suppressing.
012.085 They said: By Allah, thou wilt never cease remembering Joseph till thy
health is ruined or thou art of those who perish!
012.086 He said: I expose my distress and anguish only unto Allah, and I know from
Allah that which ye know not.
012.087 Go, O my sons, and ascertain concerning Joseph and his brother, and despair
not of the Spirit of Allah. Lo! none despaireth of the Spirit of Allah save disbelieving
012.088 And when they came (again) before him (Joseph) they said: O ruler!
Misfortune hath touched us and our folk, and we bring but poor merchandise, so fill
for us the measure and be charitable unto us. Lo! Allah will requite the charitable,
012.089 He said: Know ye what ye did unto Joseph and his brother in your ignorance
012.090 They said: Is it indeed thou who art Joseph ? He said: I am Joseph and this is
my brother. Allah hath shown us favour. Lo! he who wardeth off (evil) and endureth
(findeth favour); for lo! Allah loseth not the wages of the kindly.
012.091 They said: By Allah, verily Allah hath preferred thee above us, and we were
012.092 He said: Have no fear this day! May Allah forgive you, and He is the Most
Merciful of those who show mercy.
012.093 Go with this shirt of mine and lay it on my father's face, he will become
(again) a seer; and come to me with all your folk.
012.094 When the caravan departed their father had said: Truly I am conscious of the
breath of Joseph, though ye call me dotard.
012.095 (Those around him) said: By Allah, lo! thou art in thine old aberration.
012.096 Then, when the bearer of glad tidings came, he laid it on his face and he
became a seer once more. He said: Said I not unto you that I know from Allah that
which ye know not ?
012.097 They said: O our father! Ask forgiveness of our sins for us, for lo! we were
012.098 He said: I shall ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Lo! He is the Forgiving,
012.099 And when they came in before Joseph, he took his parents unto him, and
said: Come into Egypt safe, if Allah will!
012.100 And he placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him
prostrate, and he said: O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream of old. My
Lord hath made it true, and He hath shown me kindness, since He took me out of the
prison and hath brought you from the desert after Satan had made strife between me
and my brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will. He is the Knower, the
012.101 O my Lord! Thou hast given me (something) of sovereignty and hast taught
me (something) of the interpretation of events - Creator of the heavens and the earth!
Thou art my Protecting Guardian in the world and the Hereafter. Make me to die
muslim (unto Thee), and join me to the righteous.
012.102 This is of the tidings of the Unseen which We inspire in thee (Muhammad).
Thou wast not present with them when they fixed their plan and they were scheming.
012.103 And though thou try much, most men will not believe.
012.104 Thou askest them no fee for it. It is naught else than a reminder unto the
012.105 How many a portent is there in the heavens and the earth which they pass by
with face averted!
012.106 And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners
012.107 Deem they themselves secure from the coming on them of a pall of Allah's
punishment, or the coming of the Hour suddenly while they are unaware ?
012.108 Say: This is my Way: I call on Allah with sure knowledge. I and whosoever
followeth me - Glory be to Allah! - and I am not of the idolaters.
012.109 We sent not before thee (any messengers) save men whom We inspired from
among the folk of the townships - Have they not travelled in the land and seen the
nature of the consequence for those who were before them ? And verily the abode of
the Hereafter, for those who ward off (evil), is best. Have ye then no sense ? -
012.110 Till, when the messengers despaired and thought that they were denied, then
came unto them Our help, and whom We would was saved. And Our wrath cannot be
warded from the guilty.
012.111 In their history verily there is a lesson for men of understanding. It is no
invented story but a confirmation of the existing (Scripture) and a detailed
explanation of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for folk who believe.