- In Islam, belief in One God is the most important belief. Allah in
arabic refers to the One God. It is a known fact that every language has one or more terms
that are used in reference to God and sometimes to lesser deities. This is not the case
with Allah. Allah is the personal name of the One true God. Nothing else can be called
Allah. The term has no plural or gender. This shows its uniqueness when compared with the
word god which can be made plural, gods, or feminine, goddess. It is interesting to notice
that Allah is the personal name of God in Aramaic, the language of Jesus and a sister
language of Arabic. The One true God is a reflection of the unique concept that Islam
associates with God. To a Muslim, Allah is
the Almighty, Creator and Sustainer of the universe, Who is similar to nothing and nothing
is comparable to Him.
- Islam exhorts man to consider himself and
his surroundings as examples of Divine Creation rather than as divinity
itself. Muslims therefore believe that everything is God’s i.e. the word
‘God’ with an apostrophe ‘s’. In other words the Muslims believe that
everything belongs to God. The trees belong to God, the sun belongs to God,
the moon belongs to God, the monkey belongs to God, the snake belongs to
God, the human beings belong to God and everything in this universe belongs
- Thus the major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim beliefs is the
difference of the apostrophe ‘s’. The Hindu says everything is God. The
Muslim says everything is God’s.
|Common Concept of God in Hinduism:
- Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic religion. Indeed, most
Hindus would attest to this, by professing belief in multiple Gods. While
some Hindus believe in the existence of three gods, some believe in
thousands of gods, and some others in thirty three crore i.e. 330 million
Gods. However, learned Hindus, who are well versed in their scriptures,
insist that a Hindu should believe in and worship only one God.
- The major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim perception of God
is the common Hindus’ belief in the philosophy of Pantheism. Pantheism
considers everything, living and non-living, to be Divine and Sacred. The
common Hindu, therefore, considers everything as God. He considers the trees
as God, the sun as God, the moon as God, the monkey as God, the snake as God
and even human beings as manifestations of God!
- In Islam, all humans are created equal. For example, there is no superiority of
an Arab over a non-Arab, or vice versa. Blacks and whites have no superiority over each
other. The same holds with any other nationality or ethnicity. Islam rejects
characterizing God in any human form or depicting Him as favoring certain individuals
or nations on the basis of wealth, power or race. He created the human beings as
equals. They may distinguish themselves and get His favor through virtue and piety only.
- Hinduism has a caste system, with four major castes. Members of each are
required by strict religious laws to follow certain hereditary occupations and to refrain
from intermarriage or eating with members of the other castes. The highest, or priestly
and intellectual, caste is that of the Brahmans. The remaining three in order are Kshatriya
(ruling or warrior caste), Vaisya (common artisan and agricultural caste), and the Sudras
(the low caste people).
- Muslims eat all wholesome and good food including meat of Cow (beef), lamb, goat, and
- Cow is a sacred animal and a deity for Hindus. Cows, therefore, can not be killed or
eaten in Hinduism.
- Muslims believe that each person has a body and soul. At death, your body is separated
from your soul. Your faith and actions in this life will determine your fate in the Life
After Death. There is a Day of Judgment when this life will come to an end for
every one, and all humans from Adam to the last person, will be brought to a second life,
rejoining of your body and soul. On that Day, God will put people in Hell or Heaven
based on their beliefs and deeds of this life.
- Hinduism believes in body and soul. Your soul returns to your body after your death.
This cycle repeats seven times according to some. Your status or caste in next life
depends on your deeds of the previous life.
This is called Reincarnation in Hinduism.
|Reference: Excerpts taken from Dr. Zakir Naik's