did Isma'il (Ishmael) and his mother Hajar (Hagar) leave Sarrah?
C. After Isaac was
weaned, his mother Sarah saw Ishmael mocking him. After that, she didn't want Ishmael to
be heir with her son Isaac: Genesis
21:8-10: "And the child grew, and was weaned, and Abraham
made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the
Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham: 'Cast
out this bondwoman and her son, for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my
son, even with Isaac."'
M. Isaac was about two years
old when he was weaned. Ishmael was then sixteen years is the profile of a baby,
not of a teenager. So Ishmael and his mother Hagar left Sarah long before Isaac was born.
According to the Islamic version, Abraham took Ishmael and Hagar and made a new settlement
in Makkah, called Paran in the Bible (Genesis
21:21), because of a divine instruction given to Abraham as a part of God's plan.
Hagar ran seven times between two hills, Safa and Marwa, looking for water. This is the
origin of one of the rituals that is performed during the pilgrimage to Makkah. The well
of water mentioned in Genesis
21:19 is still present and is known as called Zamzam. Both Abraham and Ishmael later
built the Ka'bah in Makkah. The spot where Abraham used to perform prayers near the Ka'bah
is still present and is known as the Maqam Ibrahim, i.e., the Station of Abraham. During
the pilgrimage, pilgrims in Makkah and Muslims all over the world commemorate the offering
of Abraham and Ishmael by slaughtering cattle.
C. But the Bible mentions
that Isaac was to be sacrificed.
M. The Islamic version states
that the covenant between God, Abraham, and his only son Ishmael was made and sealed when
Ishmael was supposed to be sacrificed. On the very same day, Abraham, Ishmael, and all the
men of Abraham's household were circumcised. At that time, Isaac had not even born: Genesis
17:24-27: "And Abraham was ninety years old and nine when he
was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old,
when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the selfsame day was Abraham
circumcised, and Ishmael his son. And all the men of his house, born in the house, and
bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him."
A year later, Isaac was born and
circumcised when he was eight days old: Genesis
21:4-5: "And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight
days old, as God had commanded him. And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son
Isaac was born unto him." So when the covenant was made and sealed
(circumcision and sacrifice) Abraham was ninety-nine and Ishmael was thirteen. Isaac was
born a year later, when Abraham was one hundred years old.
As you know, Kedar is a
descendent of Ishmael (Genesis
25:13), and Ishmael is the the base for the Family Tree of Prophet Muhammad through
Kedar. The followers of Ishmael,
Prophet Muhammad and all Muslims, remain faithful until today to this covenant of
circumcision. In their five daily prayers, Muslims include the praise of Abraham and his followers with the praise of Muhammad and his followers.
C. But in
Genesis 22 it is mentioned that Isaac was to be sacrificed.
M. I know, but you
will see the contradiction there. It is mentioned "shine only son Isaac."
Shouldn't it be "shine only son Ishmael," when Ishmael was thirteen years old
and Isaac had not even been born? When Isaac was born, Abraham had two sons. Because of
chauvinism, the name of Ishmael was changed to Isaac in all of Genesis 22. But God has
preserved the word "only" to show us what it should have been.
words "I will multiply thy seed" in Genesis 22:17
was applied earlier to Ishmael in Genesis 16:10.
Was not the whole of Genesis 22 applicable to Ishmael then? "I
will make him a great nation" has been repeated twice for Ishmael in Genesis 17:20
and Genesis 16:10:
"And the angel of the Lord said unto her [Hager]: 'I will
multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude."'
"And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee. Behold, I have blessed
him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. Twelve princes shall
he beget, and I will make him a great nation."
"And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation,
because he is thy seed."
"Arise, lift up the lad [Ishmael],
and hold him in shine hand, for I will make him a great nation."
21:15-17: "If a man have two wives, one beloved and another
hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn
son be hers that was hated: Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that
which he hash, that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the
hated, which is indeed the firstborn: But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for
the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hash: for he is the beginning
of the strength; the right of the firstborn is his." Islam does not deny God's blessings on
Isaac and his descendants, but the son of promise is Ishmael, from whom arose Muhammad as
the seal of the prophets.
C. Can you prove that Jews changed the name of
Ishmael to Isaac because of chauvinism?
The Encyclopaedia Judaica says:
It is related that a
renowned traditionalist of Jewish origin, from the Qurayza tribe, and another Jewish
scholar, who converted to Islam, told that Caliph Omar Ibn 'Abd al-Aziz (717-20) that the
Jews were well informed that Ismail was the one who was bound, but that they concealed
this out of jealousy. The Muslim legend also adds details of Hajar, the mother of Ismail.
After Abraham drove her and her son out, she wandered between the hills of al-Safa and
al-Marwa (in the
vicinity of Mecca)
in search for water. At that time the waters of the spring Zemzem began to flow. Her acts
became the basis for the hallowed custom of Muslims during the Hajj.
Encyclopaedia Judaica, Volume 9, Encyclopaedia Judaica
Jerusalem, pp. 82 (Under 'Ishmael').