THE QURAN ON FASTING
"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was
prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or
on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And
as for those who can fast with difficulty, (i.e. an old man, etc.),
they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a poor person (for
every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for
him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know."
"The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance
for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion
(between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on
the first night of) the month (of Ramadan), he must fast that month,
and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number (of days which one
did not fast must be made up) from other days.
Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things
difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number
(of days), and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you so
that you may be grateful to Him" (2: 185).
"It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives
on the night of the fasts. They are garments for you and you are the
same for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He
turned to you and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them
and seek that which Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink
until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from
the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your fast till the
And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you
are in Itikaf in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allah, so
approach them not. Thus does Allah make clear His signs to mankind
that they may become Al Muttaqun (the pious)" (2:187).
"Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr.
And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is?
The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months
Therein descend the angels and the Ruh (Gabriel) by Allah's
Permission with all Decrees,
Peace! until the appearance of dawn (97:1-5)
THE HADITH ON FASTING
Abu Huraira related that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon
him) said: Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking his
reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven. Whoever prays
during the nights in Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from
Allah will have his past sins forgiven. And he who passes Lailat al-Qadr
in prayer with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his
past sins forgiven (Bukhari, Muslim).
Abu Huraira related that Rasulullah said: If anyone omits his fast
even for one day in Ramadan without a concession or without being ill,
then if he were to fast for the rest of his life he could not make up
for it (Bukhari).
Abu Huraira related that the Prophet said: Allah the Majestic and
Exalted said: "Every deed of man will receive ten to 700 times reward,
except Siyam (fasting), for it is for Me and I shall reward it (as I
like). There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts: one when he
breaks the fast and the other when he will meet his Lord" (Muslim).
Abu Huraira related that Rasulullah said: Many people who fast get
nothing from their fast except hunger and thirst, and many people who
pray at night get nothing from it except wakefulness (Darimi).
When to start fasting
Ibn Umar related that the Prophet said: Do not start fasting unless
you see the new moon, and do not end fasting until you see it. If the
weather is cloudy then calculate when it should appear (Bukhari,
The Suhoor meal (which is eaten before dawn)
Anas related that Rasulullah said: Take the Suhoor meal, for there
is blessing in it (Bukhari, Muslim).
Breaking your fast
Salman ibn Amir Dhabi related that the Prophet said: Break your
fast with dates, or else with water, for it is pure (Abu Dawud,
Fasting during a journey
Aisha related that Rasulullah was asked whether one should fast
when on a journey, and he replied: Fast if you like, or postpone it if
you like (Bukhari, Muslim).
Behavior while fasting
Abu Huraira related that the Prophet said: If a person does not
avoid false talk and false conduct during Siyam, then Allah does not
care if he abstains from food and drink (Bukhari, Muslim).
Forgetfully eating or drinking while fasting
Abu Huraira related that Rasulullah said: If anyone forgets that he
is fasting and eats or drinks he should complete his Siyam, for it is
Allah who has fed him and given him drink (Bukhari, Muslim).
Providing for those who are breaking the fast
Zaid ibn Khalid Juhni related that the Prophet said: He who
provides for the breaking of the Siyam of another person earns the
same merit as the one who was observing Siyam diminishing in any way
the reward of the latter (Tirmidhi).
Aisha related that the Prophet said: Look for Lailat al-Qadr on an
odd-numbered night during the last ten nights of Ramadan (Bukhari).
Anas ibn Malik related that Rasulullah said: When Lailat al-Qadr
comes Gabriel descends with a company of angels who ask for blessings
on everyone who is remembering Allah, whether they are sitting or