In this Book, the Holy Prophet's life, the history of
the Arabs and the events which occurred during the period of the revelation of the Quran
have not been mingled with the Divine Verses, as is the case with the Bible. The Quran is
the pure word of God. Not one word therein is not divine. Not a single word has been
deleted from its text. The Book has been handed down to our age in its complete and
original form since the time of Prophet Muhammad. From the time the Book began to be
revealed, the Holy Prophet had dictated its text to the scribes. Whenever some Divine
Message was revealed, the Holy Prophet would call a scribe and dictate its words to him.
The written text was then read out to the Holy Prophet, who, having satisfied himself that
the scribe has committed no error of recording, would put the manuscript in safe custody.
The Holy Prophet used to instruct the scribe about the
sequence in which a revealed message was to be placed in a particular Surah (chapter). In
this manner, the Holy Prophet continued to arrange the text of the Quran in systematic
order till the end of the chain of revelations. Again, it was ordained from the beginning
of Islam that a recitation of the Holy Quran must be an integral part of worship. Hence
the illustrious Companions would commit the Divine verses to memory as soon as they were
revealed. Many of them learned the whole text and a far larger number had memorized
different portions of it.
Method of preservations of the Quran during the Prophet's time
Besides, those of the Companions (pbut) who were literate used to keep a written record
of several portions of the Holy Qur'an. In this manner, the text of the Holy Qur'an had
been preserved in four different ways during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet
|a) The Holy Prophet (PBUH) had the whole text of the Divine Messages from the beginning
to the end committed to writing by the scribes of revelations.|
|b) Many of the Companions learned the whole text of the Qur'an, every syllable of it, by
|c) All the illustrious Companions, without an exception, had memorized at least some
portions of the Holy Qur'an, for the simple reason that it was obligatory for them to
recite it during worship. An estimate of the number of the illustrious Companions may be
obtained from the fact that one hundred and forty thousands Companions had participated in
the Last Pilgrimage performed by the Holy Prophet (PBUH).|
|d) A considerable number of the literate Companions kept a private record of the text of
the Qur'an and satisfied themselves as to the purity of their record by reading it out to
the Holy Prophet (PBUH).|
Method of preservations of the Quran after the demise of the Prophet
It is an incontrovertible historical truth that the text of the Holy
Qur'an extant today is, syllable for syllable, exactly the same as the Holy Prophet
had offered to the world as the Word of God. After the demise of the Holy Prophet, the
first Caliph Hadhrat Abu Bakr (PBUH) assembled all the Huffaz and the written records of
the Holy Qur'an and with their help had the whole text written in Book form. In the time
of Hadhrat 'Uthman (PBUH) copies of this original version were made and officially
dispatched to the Capitals of the Islamic World. Two Of these copies exist in the world
today, one in Istanbul and the other in Tashkent. Whosoever is so inclined may compare any
printed text of the Holy Qur'an with those two copies, he shall find no variation.
And how can one expect any discrepancy, when there have existed
several million Huffaz in every generation since the time of the Holy Prophet
in our own time? Should anyone alter a syllable of the original text of the
Huffaz would at once expose the mistake.
In the last century, an Institute of Munich University in Germany
collected FORTY-TWO THOUSAND copies of the Holy Qur'an including manuscripts and printed
texts produced in each period in the various parts of the Islamic World. Research work was
carried out on these texts for half a century, at the end of which the researchers
concluded that apart from copying mistakes, there was no discrepancy in the text of these
forty-two thousand copies, even though they belonged to the period between the 1st Century
Hijra to 14th Century Hijra and had been procured from all parts of the world. This
Institute, alas! perished in the bombing attacks on Germany during World War II, but the
findings of its research project survived.
Another point that must be kept in view is that the word in which
the Qur'an was revealed is a living language in our own time. It is still current as the
mother tongue of about a hundred million people from Iraq to Morocco. In the non-Arab
world too, hundreds of thousands of people study and teach this language.
The grammar of the Arabic language, its lexicon, its phonetic system
and its phraseology, have remained intact for fourteen hundred years.
A modern Arabic-speaking person can comprehend the Holy Qur'an with
as much proficiency as did the Arabs of fourteen centuries ago. This, then, is an
important attribute of Muhammad (PBUH), which is shared by no other Prophet or Leader of
Religion. The Book which God revealed to Him for the guidance of mankind is today's in its
original language without the slightest alteration in its vocabulary.
This is taken from part of a speech "Message of Prophet's (saw) Seerah",
given by Syed Abul 'Aala Muadoodi. He compares the history and authenticity of three
scriptures, Torah, Injeel and Quran. ---(courtesy by the site About Islam and Muslims)