GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS
Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
©1998-2003 Sound Vision
All rights reserved.
Ghair Muakkada (Salah)
Unascertained prayers. These types of optional Salah (prayers) were
much, but not always, practiced by the Prophet (S.A.W.).
Selling something which has not yet been obtained. For example, selling
eggs which have not yet been hatched.
Deception. Name of a pit in Hellfire.
Plural of Ghazwa. Also called al-Maghazi. See Ghazwa.
A person who has taken part in a Ghazwa.
A battle for the cause of Allah in which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)
himself took part.
Talking evil about someone in his or her absence. Backbiting. See Holy
Qur'an, Al-Hujurat (49:12).
Stealing from the war booty before its distribution.
The full ritual washing of the body with water alone to be pure for
the prayer. to do Ghusl: 1. Wash your private parts, 2. do Wudu (ablution),
3. wash your entire body without touching your private parts again.
Gog and Magog
Two evil empires. They are mentioned in the Qur'an and Ahadeeth (Bukhari
and Muslim) when mentioning some of the scenes just before the final hour.
See Quran, Al-Anbiyaa (21:96), Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Fitan wa Isharat
A cow, sheep or a goat that is offered as a sacrifice by a pilgrim
during the Hajj.
The word hadith literally means communication or narration. In the
Islamic context it has come to denote the record of what the Prophet (S.A.W.)
said, did, or tacitly approved. According to some scholars, the word hadith
also covers reports about the sayings and deeds, etc. of the Companions
of the Prophet in addition to the Prophet himself. The whole body of Traditions
is termed Hadith and its science 'Ilm al-Hadith.
A saying of Allah Ta'ala narrated by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), that
is not part of the Qur'an.
The 'Black Stone', a stone which some say fell from heaven, set into
one corner of the Ka'bah in Makkah by Prophet Ibrahim(S.A.W.), which the
pilgrims, in imitation of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) kiss, so unifying all
the Muslims throughout the ages in one place.
Hajj (Major Pilgrimage)
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, a duty one must perform
during one's life-time if one has the financial resources for it. It must
be performed during certain specified dates of Dhu al-Hijjah. In addition
to tawaf and sa'y, there are a few other requirements but especially one's
standing (i.e. stay) in 'Arafat during the day-time on 9th of
Lawful as defined by Allah the Almighty.
Hanif, literally 'one who is inclined', is used in the Qur'an in ten
places, six with reference to the Prophet Abraham and the rest for one
who is sincere and sound in his faith. The term as such connotes sincerity,
uprightness and singlemindedness in one's inclination, dedication and commitment
to God or to His faith.
1. Any act or deed which is prohibited by Allah and will incur His
wrath and punishment.
2. Sanctuary or boundary of any Masjid (mosque), but usually used with
regard to the sanctuaries of the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah and Masjid al-Rasool
in Madinah. This is why they are referred to as 'Al-Haramain al-Sharifain,'
the two Holy Sanctuaries.
1. Another name for the Day of Judgement, Yaum al-Hashr, "Day of the
2. "The Exile". Surah 59 of the Holy Qur'an.
The watering-place of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), whose pure drink will
refresh those who have crossed the Siraat before entering the Garden on
the Last Day.
The sixth level of Nar (Hellfire). This will be the home of the Christians.
Any kind of veil-it could be a curtain, a facial veil, etc. The facial
Hijab is divided into two types:
1. Niqab: full facial covering.
2. Khimar: partial facial covering, i.e., it covers
the face, but leaves the eyes exposed. It is said that the universe is
what veils the Creator from the creation. If you find the veil awe-inspiring,
how much more awe-inspiring is the One behind the veil!
The region along the western seaboard of Arabia, in which Makkah, Madinah,
Jeddah, and Ta'if are situated.
Hijrah signifies migration from a land where a Muslim is unable to
live according to the precepts of his faith to a land where it is possible
to do so. The hijrah par excellence for Muslims is the hijrah of the Prophet
(S.A.W.) which not only provided him and his followers refuge from persecution,
but also an opportunity to build a society and state according to the ideals
Name of the Islamic lunar calendar. It took its name from the early
Muslims who migrated from Makkah to Madinah, and commences from the date
of Prophet Muhammad's Hijrah, (S.A.W.), which he made with Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
(may Allah be pleased with him), in 622 C.E. The months of the Islamic
1. Muharram 2. Safar 3. Rabi al-Awal 4. Rabi al-Thani 5. Jumada
al-Awal 6. Jumada al-Thani 7. Rajab 8. Sha'ban 9. Ramadan 10. Shawal
11. Dhul Qi'da 12. Dhul Hijjah
Hubal, the chief of the minor deities, was an image of a man, and was
aid to have been originally brought to Arabia from Syria. It was one of
the so many false gods of Arabs housed in the Kabah.
Hukm, literally judgement, decision, (6:57) sometimes gives the meaning
of wisdom, discretion, knowledge and the power to see things in their true