GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS
Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
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Tabi`un (sing. Tabi`i), Successors, are those who benefited and derived
their knowledge from the Companions of the Prophet (S.A.W.).
A commentary, usually referring to the commentary of the Holy Quran.
Taghut literally denotes the one who exceeds his legitimate limits.
In Qur'anic terminology it refers to the creature who exceeds the limits
of his creatureliness and abrogates to himself godhead and lordship. In
the negative scale of values, the first stage of man's error is fisq (i.e.
disobeying God without necessarily denying that one should obey Him.) The
second stage is that of kufr, (i.e. rejection of the very idea that one
ought to obey God.) The last stage is that man not only rebels against
God but also imposes his rebellious will on others. All those who reach
this stage are taghut.
Voluntary Prayer that is done any time at night after Isha but before
Recitation of the Qur'an with precise articulation and exact intonation.
Saying "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is the Greatest).
Talaq means repudiation of marriage.
The pronouncement pilgrims make to Allah during Hajj:
"Labbaik, labbaik, Allahumma labbaik. La shareeka
laka labbaik. Innal hama wa n'imata laka walmulk. La shareeka lak."
(I am totally at Your service,I am totally at Your service, O Allah
I am totally at Your service. You have no partner,I am totally at Your
service. Truly, the praise and the blessing are Yours, and the dominion.
You have no partners.)
Fearing Allah as He should be feared. A major sign of being a faithful
Muslim. See Qur'an, Aali 'Imran (3:102-103), Al-Hashr (59:18-19).
Prayers done after Isha during Ramadan, the fasting month.
Measured recitation of the Qur'an taking extreme care with regard
to the rules of slow reading, pausing and stopping at every indicated point.
Tashahhud literally 'testimony', is a declaration of the Muslim faith
towards the end of the Prayers, immediately after the recitation of Tahiyah,
while sitting with the first finger of the right hand extended
as a witness to the unity of God.
This term signifies four days of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, viz.
10th through 13th.
The circling of the Holy Kabah. Tawaf is done in sets of seven circuits.
Tawbah basically denotes 'to come back; to turn towards someone.'
Tawbah on the part of man signifies that he has given up his disobedience
and has returned to submission and obedience to God. The same word used
in respect of God means that He has mercifully turned to His repentant
servant so that the latter has once more become an object of His compassionate
Oneness of God. The Divine Unity. Allah is One in His Essence and His
Attributes and His Acts. The centermost concept of Islam.
Tayammum literally means 'to intend to do a thing'. As an Islamic
legal term, it refers to wiping one's hands and face with clean earth as
a substitution for ablution when water cannot be obtained.