GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS

Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
Copyright 1998-2003 Sound Vision
All rights reserved.

 
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Maghazi (al) Plural of Ghazwa. See Ghazwa.
Maghreb Sunset. The fourth obligatory Prayer of the day. It consists of  three Rakahs and can be offered between just after sunset and before the stars appear in the sky.
Mahr Mahr (bridal gift) signifies the amount of payment that is settled between the two spouses at the time of marriage, and which the husband is required to make to his bride. Mahr seems to symbolize the financial responsbility that a husband assumes towards his wife by virtue of entering into the contract of marriage.
Mahram A man whom a woman can never marry because of closeness of relationship (e.g. father, brother, uncle, son, etc.). Her husband is also her Mahram.
Al-Majeed "The Most Glorious." One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah.
Majoos Fire worshippers. These people lived mainly in Persia and the eastern Arabian peninsula in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. See Holy Qur'an, Al-Hajj (22:17).
Makr Makr signifies a secret strategy of which the victim has no inkling until the decisive blow is struck. Until then, the victim is under the illusion that everything is in good order. See Holy Qur'an, Aali-Imran (3:54).
Malaikah

"Angels". Another name for Suratul Fatir, Surah 35 of the Holy Qur'an.

Malak Angel.
Al-Manat Al-Manat was the chief idol worshipped by the Khuza'ah and Hudhayl tribes.
Ma'ruf Ma'ruf refers to the conduct which is reckoned fair and equitable by the generality of disinterested people.
Mash'ar al-Haram The boundary of Al-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. It is prohibited to kill any game, or to damage any plant or tree, or to act in any manner that will violate the sanctity of the Holy Masjid.
Masjid Mosque. Plural Masajid.
Masjid al-Aqsa (al) The 'Furthest Mosque' built by the early Muslims in Jerusalem, on or near where the Temple of Solomon once stood. See Baitul-Maqdis.
Masjid Al-Haram (al) The Grand Masjid in Makkah. The Ka'bah (the Qiblah of the Muslims) is situated within it.
Masjid an-Nabawi (al) Another name for the Masjid ar-Rasool in Madinah. It is the second greatest Masjid in Islam, the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, and the third being the Masjid al-Aqsa in Al-Quds (Jerusalem).
Masjid al-Rasool (al) See Masjid an-Nabawi.
Maula Literally means protector. Allah T'ala describes Himself as the Maula of the believers. See The Qur'an, Al-Baqarah (2:256), Aali 'Imran (3:152), Al-Hajj (22:78). Maula also has the meaning of 'master'.
1. Satan is the Maula to the unbelievers.
2. The master is a Maula to his slave. Maula is also the term used to describe a freed slave who remains as part of the family.
Mawaqeet Plural of Miqat. See Miqat.
Mihraab Prayer niche of a Masjid, in front of which the Imam stands when leading the congregational prayers.
Mimbar Steps on which the Imam stands to deliver the Khutbah (address) on the day of the Jumah (Friday).
Mina A place five miles from Makkah and approximately ten miles from 'Arafat. An essential place to visit during the Hajj.
Miqat Migat (pl. mawaqeet) denotes the points which an outsider intending to perform Pilgrimage may cross only in the state of consecration (ihram). These points were fixed according to directions from God.
Mi'raj The Night Journey of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) from Makkah to Jerusalem and then through the realms of the seven heavens, beyond the limit of forms, the Sidrat al-Muntaha, to within a bow-span's length or nearer to the presence of Allah. See the Qur'an, Al-Isra (17:1), Bukhari Hadith 345, Vol. 1, 227, Vol. 5.
Miskin Miskin (pl. masakin) denotes helplessness, destitution. Thus masakin are those who are in greater distress than the ordinary poor people. Explaining this word the Prophet (S.A.W.) declared that masakin are those who cannot make both ends meet, who face acute hardship and yet whose sense of self-respect prevents them from asking for aid from others and whose outward demeanour fails to create the impression that they are deserving of help.
Muadhen The man who calls the Adhan loudly before each obligatory Salat, calling the people to prayer.
Muhadith An Islamic scholar of Ahadeeth. Plural: Muhaditheen.
Muhammad (S.A.W.) Muhammad (peace be upon him), the last Messenger of God.
Muharram 1. The first month of the Islamic calendar.
2. An act that is strictly forbidden in Islam.
 
Muhsanat
Muhsanat means 'protected women'. It has been used in the Qur'an in two different meanings. First, it has been used in the sense of 'married women', that is, those who enjoy the protection of their husbands. Second, it has been used in the sense of those who enjoy the protection of families as opposed to slave-girls.
Mujahid One who takes active part in a Jihad. Plural: Mujahideen. See Jihad.
Mulhid Atheist.
Mumin 1. Believer.
2. Al-Mumin: Another name for Al-Ghafir, Surah 40 of the Qur'an.
Munafiq Hypocrite.
Munkar wa Nakir (peace be on them) The names of the two angels who will question the dead in the graves.
Muqarraboon Literally means, "those who have been brought near." One the Day of Resurrection, Allah Ta'ala will sort out the good and the evil into three groups:
1. Muqarraboon - the exalted class, those who will be nearest to Allah. Also described as the Sabiqoon, meaning "those who outstrip the rest."
2. Ashab al-Maimana - literally means, "the Companions of the Right."  The righteous people destined to enter Paradise.
3. Ashab al-Mashama - literally, "the Companions of the Left." These will be the inheritors of the Hellfire. See Al-Waqi'ah (56:11-56).
Murtad Apostate.
Mushrik A person who commits Shirk. See Shirk.
Muslim A person who accepts Islam as his or her way of life.
Mustahab An act in Islam that is recommended, but not obligatory.
Mut'a A temporary marriage. A custom common in Arabia. It was abrogated by the Prophet (S.A.W.) at Khaibar, as is related by Ali ibn Abi Talib in Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari.
Muttaqi Muttaqi is derived from its noun taqwa, which signifies God-consciousness, a sense of responsibility and accountability, dedication and awe - those things that prompt one to fulfil one's duty. Taqwa, or heedfulness, is the main criterion by which God values the deeds of a Muslim (49:13).
Muzdallifa A site between 'Arafat and Mina where the pilgrims spend the night of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah during Hajj.