GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS
Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
©1998-2003 Sound Vision
All rights reserved.
Prphet of Allah. Plural: Anbiyaa.
A voluntary act of supererogatory devotion such as Nafl Prayer or Nafl
Nasara is the name given to the followers of the Christian faith both
in the Qur'an and Hadith.
Nasi was a practice in vogue among the pre-Islamic Arabs: they altered
the duration of the four sacred months. Whenver they wished to start
fighting or to loot and plunder - and they could not do so during the sacred
months - they carried out their expedition in one of the sacred months
and then later on compensated for this violation by treating one of the
non-sacred months as a sacred month.
A style of curved writing often used for early hand-written copies
of the Qur'an.
A type of veil that covers the entire face including the eyes.
Nubuwah means prophethood.
"The Light." One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah. See An-Nur
Nusub signify all places consecrated for offerings to others than
the One True God, regardless of whether they are images of stone
or something else.
Nusuk signify ritual sacrifice as well as other forms of devotion
Peace be upon him. Somewhat English equivalent of S.A.W. used whenever
the name of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) is read or heard. See S.A.W.
"The Power." The night of Allah's power. Surah 97 of the Qur'an.
Qasr, which literally means 'to shorten', is technically used to signify
the Islamic rule that during one's journey it is permissible, and indeed
preferable, to pray only two rak'ahs in those obligatory Prayers in which
a person is required to pray four rak'ahs.
Qawwam or qayyim is a person responsible for administering or supervising
the affairs of either an individual or an organization, for protecting
and safeguarding them and taking care of their needs.
Qiblah signifies the direction to which all Muslims are required to
turn when offering their prescribed Prayers, namely towards the Ka'bah,
in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Law of equal retaliation when punishing a person for injuries intentionally
inflicted on someone else. See Al-Baqarah(2:178-179).
The Arab tribe to which the Prophet (S.A.W.) belonged.