GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS

Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
Copyright 1998-2003 Sound Vision
All rights reserved.

 
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N:

 

Nabi Prphet of Allah. Plural: Anbiyaa.
Nafl A voluntary act of supererogatory devotion such as Nafl Prayer or Nafl Fast.
Nasara Nasara is the name given to the followers of the Christian faith both in the Qur'an and Hadith.
Nasi Nasi was a practice in vogue among the pre-Islamic Arabs: they altered the duration of the four sacred months. Whenver they  wished to start fighting or to loot and plunder - and they could not do so during the sacred months - they carried out their expedition in one of the sacred months and then later on compensated for this violation by treating one of the non-sacred months as a sacred month.
Naskh A style of curved writing often used for early hand-written copies of the Qur'an.
Nifaq Hypocrisy.
Nikah Marriage.
Niqab A type of veil that covers the entire face including the eyes.
Niyyah Intention.
 
Nubuwah Nubuwah means prophethood.
Nur (an) "The Light." One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah. See An-Nur (24:35-36).
Nusub Nusub signify all places consecrated for offerings to others than the One True God, regardless of whether they are images of  stone or something else.
Nusuk Nusuk signify ritual sacrifice as well as other forms of devotion and worship.

 

P:

 

P.B.U.H.

Peace be upon him. Somewhat English equivalent of S.A.W. used whenever the name of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) is read or heard. See S.A.W.
 
 

Q:

 

Qabr Grave.
Qadr (al) "The Power." The night of Allah's power. Surah 97 of the Qur'an.
Qasr Qasr, which literally means 'to shorten', is technically used to signify the Islamic rule that during one's journey it is permissible, and indeed preferable, to pray only two rak'ahs in those obligatory Prayers in which a person is required to pray four rak'ahs.
Qawwam Qawwam or qayyim is a person responsible for administering or supervising the affairs of either an individual or an organization, for protecting and safeguarding them and taking care of their needs.
Qiblah Qiblah signifies the direction to which all Muslims are required to turn when offering their prescribed Prayers, namely towards the Ka'bah, in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Qisaas

Law of equal retaliation when punishing a person for injuries intentionally inflicted on someone else. See Al-Baqarah(2:178-179).

Quraish The Arab tribe to which the Prophet (S.A.W.) belonged.