GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS
Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
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Radhi Allah 'Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him). Said whenever the
name of a Sahabi (companion) is read or heard.
Rabb has three meanings: (i) Lord and Master; (ii) Sustainer, Provider,
Supporter, Nourisher and Guardian, and (iii)Sovereign and Ruler, He who
controls and directs. God is Rabb in all the three meanings of the term.
The rational of the basic Qur'anic message - 'serve none but God' - is
that since God is man's Rabb - Lord, Sustainer, Provider, Nourisher, etc.
He alone should be the object of man's worship and service.See, for example,
The third month of the Islamic calendar.
Rahim is from the root rhm (rahm) which denotes mercy. In the Qur'an
this attribute of God has been used side by side with Rahman (which is
also from the same root rhm). As such Rahim signifies God's mercy and beneficence
towards His creatures. Moreover, according to several scholars, the word
Rahim signifies the dimension of permanence in God's mercy.
Rahman (literally 'merciful') is one of the personal names of
God. According to scholars of the Arabic language and some commentators
of the Qur'an, the word has the nuance of intensity regarding Divine Mercy.
Thus the word does not just signify the One Who has mercy; it rather denotes
the One Who is exceedingly merciful; the One Who is overflowing with mercy
for all. Ar-Rahman: Surah 55 of the Qur'an.
The seventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Stoning. In Islamic law the Hadd punishment is Rajm.
Rak'ah (pl. raka'at) represents a unit of the Prayer and consists
of bending the torso from an upright position followed by two prostrations.
The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Fasting is obligatory during
this month for all Muslims.
Messenger and prophet of Allah.
A narrator. In Hadith literature, it means the narrator of Ahadeeth.
A minor shirk. Carrying out a religious act for worldly gains and not
for the pleasure of Allah.
Riba literally means 'to grow; to increase.' Technically, it denotes
the amount that a lender receives from a borrower at a fixed rate in excess
of the principal. It is of two kinds:
1. Riba Nasi'a - taking interest on loaned money.
2. Riba Fadal - taking something of superior quality in exchange for
giving less of the same kind of thing of poorer quality.
"The Holy Spirit." Another name for the Angel Gabriel (Jibreel), peace
be on him.
Ruku' means to bend the body to bow. This bowing is one of the acts
required in Islamic Prayer. Additionally, the same word denotes a certain
unit in the Qur'an. The whole Book, for the sake of the convenience of
the reader is divided into thirty parts (ajza', sing. juz'), and each juz'
consists usually of sixteen ruku'.
Rushd from the verb rashada means the right way (2:256). It also implies
integrity and maturity in thought and action (21:51).