GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS
Compiled by Ishaq Zahid
©1998-2003 Sound Vision
All rights reserved.
Most commonly understood to mean Hell. In fact, it is one of the levels
of Hell. There are seven levels of Hellfire:
1. Jaheem - the shallowest level of Hell. It is reserved for those
who believed in Allah and His Messenger (S.A.W.), but who ignored His commands.
2. Jahanam - a deeper level where the idol-worshippers are to be sent
on the Day of Judgement.
3. Sa'ir - is reserved for the worshippers of fire.
4. Saqar - this is where those who did not believe in Allah will be
sent on the Day of Judgement.
5. Ladha - will be the home of the Jews.
6. Hawiyah - will be the abode of the Christians.
7. Hutama - the deepest level of Hellfire. This is where the religious
hypocrites will spend eternity. The worst of Allah's creation are the Munafiqeen
(Hypocrites), wether they be mankind or Jinn, for they outwardly appear
to accept, but inwardly reject Allah and His Messenger (S.A.W.).
Jahiliyah, literally 'ignorance', is a concise expression for the pagan
practice of the days before the advent of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).
Jahiliyah denotes all those world-views and ways of life which are based
on rejection or disregard of heavenly guidance communicated to mankind
through the Prophets and Messengers of God; the attitude of treating human
life - either wholly or partly - as independent of the directives of
Ayyam al-Jahiliyah, or 'The Days of Ignorance' in the books of history,
indicate the period before the Prophethood of Muhammad when the people
in Arabia forgot the teachings of their Prophets and indulged in stupid
White hot coal. The term used to describe the three pillars built
od stone at Mina. Plural: Jimar.
One of the three stone pillars at Mina. One of the rites of Hajj is
to throw pebbles at these stone pillars, which represent Satan.
Paradise. A created abode in the Hereafter for those who believe in
the Unity of Allah and in all His Prophets and Messengers, and who follow
the way of life of the Prophets. Jannah has eight gates around it and each
of these eight gates has eleven doors. The names of the eight gates are:
1. Bab al-Iman.
2. Bab al-Jihad.
3. Bab al-Kadhemean al-Gaidh.
4. Bab ar-Raiyan.
5. Bab ar-Radiyeen.
6. Bab as-Sadaqa.
7. Bab at-Taubah.
8. Bab as-Salat.
The state of a person after sexual discharge, whether intentional
or otherwise. A person may not perform Salah (Prayer) or recite or touch
the Qur'an until he performs Ghusl or Tayammum.
Jewj wa Majewj
Jibt signifies a thing devoid of any true basis and dereft of
usefulness. In Islamic terminology the various forms of sorcery, divination
and soothsaying, in short all superstitions, are called jibt.
Jihad literally means 'to strive' or 'to exert to the utmost.' In islamic
parlance it signifies all forms of striving, including armed struggle,
aimed at making the Word of God prevail.
Jinn are an independent species of creation about which little is known
except that unlike man, who was created out of earth, the jinn were created
out of fire. But like man, a Divine Message has also been addressed to
them and they too have been endowed with the capacity, again like man,
to choose between good and evil, between obedience or disobedience to God.
See Surah 72 of the Holy Qur'an.
Unbelievers are required to pay jizyah (poll tax) in lieu of security
provided to them as the Dhimmis (Protected People) of an Islamic
state, and their exemption from military service and payment of Zakah.
Jizyah symbolizes the submission of the unbelievers to the suzerainty of
"Friday." The Muslims' day of gathering together, when all Muslim
males must go to the Masjid to hear the Friday Khutba (sermon) and to do
the Jum'ah Salat (prayer), which is prayed instead of Dhur. Surah 62 of
the Holy Qur'an.
The sixth month of the Islamic calendar.
Junub - a person having Janaba - means to be in a state of ceremonial
impurity or defilement. A male becomes junub on having sexual intercourse
or simply on the emission of semen in sleep or otherwise. A female also
becomes junub as a result of sexual intercourse as well as when she
is menstruating or having postnatal bleeding. These are the general causes
of janaba, which is also referred to in the books of jurisprudence as hadath
akbar. A full bath is required for a junub to receive purification or tahara,
without which a man or woman is not allowed to touch or read the Qur'an,
enter the mosque or offer the prayers. In the absence of water, however,
one is allowed to resort to tayammum. Tayammum substitutes for both a full
bath (ghusl) and ablution (wudu).